The LH biological potency of the International Reference Preparation (IRP) of Human Pituitary LH for Immunoassay (IRP 68/40) relative to that of the 2nd IRP of Human Pituitary FSH and LH for Bioassay (IRP 78/549) is markedly greater when estimated by in-vitro interstitial cell testosterone production (TICT) bioassay than by in-vivo bioassay, and by the 4-h ovarian ascorbate depletion (OAAD) assay than by the 4-day seminal vesicle weight gain assay. Other preparations of human LH which, like IRP 68/40, were highly purified, showed a similar spectrum of bioactivity in these assay systems and also contained a higher proportion of more basic LH isoforms than are found in crude pituitary extracts such as IRP 78/549.
In an attempt to explain these differences, a comparison was made of the plasma survival in rats of the LH bioactivity (by TICT assay) of these two preparations. Contrary to expectation, their relative plasma clearance rates over a 4-h period did not account for their differing bioactivities. The plasma half-life of the LH bioactivity (with 95% confidence limits) was estimated to be 42·4 (35·3–49·5) min for IRP 68/40 and 41·3 (31·5–51·0) min for IRP 78/549.
Furthermore the time-course of action in vivo of IRP 78/549 did not appear to be more prolonged than that of IRP 68/40. Thus their plasma testosterone responses during the course of these 4-h plasma clearance studies were similar, and estimates of the LH potency of IRP 68/40 relative to that of IRP 78/549 were no greater by 2-h than by 4-h OAAD assay.
The more basic isoforms of LH present in IRP 68/40 and in other purified human LH preparations may therefore differ from those in crude pituitary extracts, such as IRP 78/549, in their intrinsic activity to stimulate the different target cells in these assay systems rather than in their bioavailability in vivo.
J. Endocr. (1988) 119, 327–334
Journal of Endocrinology is committed to supporting researchers in demonstrating the impact of their articles published in the journal.
The two types of article metrics we measure are (i) more traditional full-text views and pdf downloads, and (ii) Altmetric data, which shows the wider impact of articles in a range of non-traditional sources, such as social media.
More information is on the Reasons to publish page.
|Sept 2018 onwards||Past Year||Past 30 Days|
|Full Text Views||0||0||0|