The present studies were carried out to investigate the effect of several growth factors on human endometrial stromal cells.
In human endometrial stromal cells, bombesin and bradykinin provoked an increase in intracellular free Ca2+ and in labelled inositol phosphates when pre-incubated with [3H]myoinositol. Some or possibly all of the initial increase in intracellular free Ca2+ represented a mobilization of Ca2+ from intracellular stores and the second phase of the response depended on Ca2+ influx from the extracellular medium.
[3H]Thymidine was added to human cultured endometrial stromal cells with bombesin, bradykinin, epidermal growth factor (EGF), prostaglandin F2α, vasopressin and platelet-derived growth factor. Bombesin, bradykinin and EGF stimulated the incorporation of [3H]thymidine into DNA in quiescent cells.
In conclusion, bombesin and bradykinin are growth factors which activate phospholipase C in human endometrial stromal cells, while EGF stimulates DNA synthesis without the activation of phospholipase C.