Differential release of interleukin-6 from human gestational tissues in association with labour and in vitro endotoxin treatment

in Journal of Endocrinology
Restricted access


In this study, we quantified interleukin-6 (IL-6) concentrations in amniotic fluid at term and preterm labour, and determined the gestational tissue source of IL-6. In addition, aspects of the regulatory mechanisms involved in IL-6 release at the time of term labour and in response to bacterial endotoxin, lipopolysaccharide (LPS), have been established. IL-6 concentrations were 2-fold higher in amniotic fluid collected at term compared with preterm gestation, with an additional 2-fold increase in association with term labour. IL-6 was released from all choriodecidual and placental explants but was detected in only 33% of amniotic explant cultures of tissues obtained before labour onset. In contrast, IL-6 was detected in all amniotic, choriodecidual and placental cultures of tissues obtained after term labour onset and delivery, and the mean IL-6 release was significantly higher than that measured in explant cultures of both amniotic (80-fold increase, P<0·0001) and choriodecidual (3-fold increase, P<0·02) but not placental explants taken at the time of elective Caesarean section at term before labour onset. LPS significantly (P<0·05) increased the release of IL-6 from human choriodecidual and placental explants but not amniotic explants, in a time- and dose-dependent manner. IL-6 is a physiological constituent of amniotic fluid and its production by gestational tissues is differentially regulated by LPS and spontaneous labour onset and delivery.

Journal of Endocrinology (1996) 149, 431–439


      Society for Endocrinology

Sept 2018 onwards Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 128 54 4
Full Text Views 192 0 0
PDF Downloads 212 0 0