IGF-I inhibits apoptosis induced by serum withdrawal, but potentiates TNF-alpha-induced apoptosis, in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes

in Journal of Endocrinology

We have previously shown that human preadipocytes in primary culture undergo apoptosis in response to serum deprivation and addition of tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), and have proposed that regulation of preadipocyte apoptosis in vivo may contribute to the overall control of adipose mass. In the present study we have investigated both pro- and anti-apoptotic factors, and the signalling pathways by which they act, in murine 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. Apoptotic indices (fraction of cells undergoing apoptosis) were determined by microscopic examination of acridine orange-stained cells, fluorescence-activated cell sorting of propidium iodide-stained cells, or phase-contrast video microscopy. Murine 3T3-L1 cells were more susceptible to apoptosis than human preadipocytes. In medium containing 10% newborn calf serum, the basal apoptotic index was very low (<2%), but the number of apoptotic cells increased significantly following serum withdrawal (10% after 24 h). Addition of TNF-alpha (6 nM) stimulated apoptosis in both serum-containing and serum-free media (apoptotic indices of 12% and 20% respectively after 24 h). IGF-I inhibited by approximately 50% the apoptosis induced by serum withdrawal, but increased by 25% the apoptosis induced by TNF-alpha in serum-free medium. It was shown by using specific inhibitors of lipid and protein kinases (LY294002, rapamycin, PD98059, SB203580) that both phosphoinositide 3-kinase and MAP kinase pathways contribute to the anti-apoptotic action of IGF-I on serum-starved cells, while phosphoinositide 3-kinase but not MAP kinase activity is required for the paradoxical pro-apoptotic action of IGF-I in the presence of TNF-alpha. We conclude that, in addition to its previously described anti-apoptotic action, IGF-I can also be pro-apoptotic in 3T3-L1 cells in the presence of TNF-alpha, and that both the anti- and pro-apoptotic effects of IGF-I require the activation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

 

      Society for Endocrinology

Related Articles

Article Information

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 108 108 18
PDF Downloads 253 253 21

Altmetrics

PubMed

Google Scholar