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Andrea Anedda, Eduardo Rial, and M Mar González-Barroso

protection against oxidative damage by increasing the membrane proton conductance and accelerating respiration. In fact, the first phenotype described for the UCP2 knock-out mouse was an increased resistance to infection by toxoplasma, which correlated with

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Cecilia Verga Falzacappa, Eleonora Timperi, Barbara Bucci, Donatella Amendola, Piero Piergrossi, Davide D'Amico, Maria Giulia Santaguida, Marco Centanni, and Silvia Misiti

survives breast cancer explains the increase in the demand for fertility preservation techniques. Neither embryo nor oocyte cryopreservation is a practical option for women who cannot delay cancer treatment. These aspects are more relevant in breast cancer

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Yasuhiko Kato, Kaoru Kobayashi, Shigeto Oda, Norihisa Tatarazako, Hajime Watanabe, and Taisen Iguchi

; Tatarazako et al. 2003 ). The strain originated at the Environmental Protection Agency USA and was maintained for more than 10 years at NIES. Culture medium was prepared using charcoal-filtered tap water maintained at room temperature overnight prior to use

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Kazuhiko Imakawa, Rulan Bai, Hiroshi Fujiwara, Atsushi Ideta, Yoshito Aoyagi, and Kazuya Kusama

Introduction In the early development of mammalian embryos, fertilized eggs differentiate into an inner cell mass (ICM) and an outer trophectoderm (TE), from which ICM develops into the embryo as well as the amnion, yolk sac and allantois

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Aarti D Rohira, David M Lonard, and Bert W O’Malley

are specific to pathogen-related epitopes. Importantly, the adaptive immune system provides immunological memory that provides protection against subsequent infections by the same pathogen. Mesenchymal stromal cells More recently a new type of

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Chun-Mei Li, Shinji Takahashi, Shinji Taneda, Chie Furuta, Gen Watanabe, Akira K Suzuki, and Kazuyoshi Taya

characteristic feature of sexual development in both female and male birds is gonadal asymmetry: the right ovary does not develop, and the right testis is often slightly smaller than the left ( Lillie 1952 ). Treatment of avian embryos with an oestrogenic

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Adriana María Belén Abiuso, María Luisa Varela, Trinidad Raices, Griselda Irusta, Juan Manuel Lazzati, Marcos Besio Moreno, Alina Cavallotti, Alicia Belgorosky, Omar Pedro Pignataro, Esperanza Berensztein, and Carolina Mondillo

changed every 48 hours, for 6 days. On day 8, CM were collected for the treatment of HUVECs. Embryonic quail chorioallantoic membrane assay Experiments were performed on Japanese quail embryos grown using a shell-free culture method ( Parsons

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Ankana Ganguly, Jennifer A Tamblyn, Sarah Finn-Sell, Shiao-Y Chan, Melissa Westwood, Janesh Gupta, Mark D Kilby, Stephane R Gross, and Martin Hewison

against maternal immunologic attack. The main functions of the placenta can be broadly categorized into transport and metabolism, protection and endocrine ( Gude et al . 2004 ). The complex architecture of the placenta, bounded by the maternal aspect

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Antonio Gonzalez-Bulnes, Susana Astiz, Cristina Ovilo, Clemente J Lopez-Bote, Raul Sanchez-Sanchez, Maria L Perez-Solana, Laura Torres-Rovira, Miriam Ayuso, and Jorge Gonzalez

Policy for Animal Protection RD1201/05, which meets the European Union Directive 86/609 about the protection of animals used in research. The experiment was specifically assessed and approved (report CEEA 2010/003) by the Instituto Nacional de

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Dipali Goyal, Sean W Limesand, and Ravi Goyal

female or male offspring. Also, preimplantation embryos collected from dams after 0–4.25 days of maternal low-protein diet (MLPD) displayed significantly reduced cell numbers in the inner cell mass (ICM) of the early blastocyst. This reduction in cell