Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 4 of 4 items for

  • Author: A Fischer x
  • Refine by Access: All content x
Clear All Modify Search
Restricted access

R. Muff and J. A. Fischer


The secretion of parathyroid hormone (PTH) is inversely related to the extracellular Ca2+ concentration (Cae 2+). To test the hypothesis that a Ca2+ sensor on the surface of parathyroid cells is involved in Ca2+-regulated PTH secretion, limited trypsinization of bovine parathyroid cells was carried out. Treatment with trypsin (1·1–10 mg/ml) inhibited, in a dose-dependent manner, PTH secretion stimulated by lowering Cae 2+ from 2·0 to 0·5 mmol/l. In control cells, activation of protein kinase C with 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) enhanced PTH secretion at 2·0 mmol Cae 2+/1 but not at 0·5 mmol Cae 2+/1. In trypsinized cells, however, TPA enhanced PTH secretion at both 0·5 and 2·0 mmol Cae 2+/1. Isoproterenol-stimulated PTH secretion was maintained in trypsinized cells, but reduced cyclic AMP production revealed that some β-adrenergic receptors were destroyed. The cytosolic free Ca2+ concentration (Cai 2+), as measured with fura-2, was raised within seconds in response to increasing Cae 2+ from 0·5 to 2·0 mmol/l and was then lowered within 1 min to a sustained plateau; the changes were the same in trypsinized and control cells. In conclusion, trypsinization of parathyroid cells abolished Ca2+-regulated PTH secretion without affecting Cai 2+.

Journal of Endocrinology (1989) 122, 213–218

Restricted access

S. Haller-Brem, R. Muff, and J. A. Fischer


Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and calcitonin are secreted together from medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) cells. Interactions of cytosolic free calcium concentration (Cai 2+) and the protein kinase C and A pathways on the secretion of immunoreactive CGRP and calcitonin have been investigated in a human MTC cell line. Ionomycin (10 μmol/l) raised the concentration of Cai 2+, concomitant with a transient stimulation of the secretion of CGRP and calcitonin. 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA; 16 nmol/l) did not affect the concentration of Cai 2+, but caused a gradual rise of the secretion of CGRP and calcitonin. Combined addition of 10 μmol ionomycin/1 and 16 nmol TPA/1 resulted in additive stimulation of CGRP and calcitonin secretory responses. Forskolin (10 μmol/l) alone did not change the concentration of Cai 2+, marginally enhanced (P>0·1) the release of CGRP and calcitonin and increased by 23-fold the cellular levels of cyclic AMP (cAMP). Ionomycin and TPA did not change cellular cAMP. Forskolin synergistically enhanced (P<0·01) the ionomycin-induced early phase as well as the TPA-induced late phase of the CGRP and calcitonin secretory responses. In conclusion, increased concentrations of Cai 2+ together with protein kinase C and A activation mediate the secretion of CGRP and calcitonin in MTC cells.

J. Endocr. (1988) 119, 147–152

Free access

N O'Donovan, A Fischer, EM Abdo, F Simon, HJ Peter, H Gerber, U Buergi, and U Marti

The genetic events involved in thyroid carcinogenesis are still incompletely understood. Several rearrangements and mutations of oncogenes have been implicated in the development of thyroid papillary carcinomas, follicular adenomas and carcinomas. However, none of these molecular alterations is suitable either as a general marker for the diagnosis of thyroid carcinomas or to differentiate between thyroid follicular adenomas and carcinomas. In order to identify new genes with altered expression which could serve as such markers, we analyzed RNA from thyroid tumor and normal tissue using a novel technique called restriction-mediated differential display. Several differentially expressed genes were identified, including the gene for IgG Fc binding protein (FcgammaBP). Differential expression of FcgammaBP was confirmed by quantitative real-time RT-PCR. Our experiments showed that IgG Fc binding protein (FcgammaBP) is differentially expressed in normal thyroid tissue, thyroid adenomas and thyroid carcinomas. While the FcgammaBP gene is constitutively expressed in normal thyroid tissue, its expression is significantly increased in follicular thyroid adenomas and significantly decreased in papillary and follicular thyroid carcinomas. Thus, measurement of the expression levels of FcgammaBP in thyroid biopsies might help to make the otherwise difficult distinction between a thyroid follicular adenoma and a follicular carcinoma.

Free access

Deborah P Fischer, Jonathon A Hutchinson, Diane Farrar, Peter J O'Donovan, David F Woodward, and Kay M Marshall

Prostaglandins (PG) E2, PGF2 α and thromboxane (TX) mediate uterine contractility by targeting prostonoid EP, FP and TP receptors respectively. The aim of this study was to elucidate the function of these receptors in isolated human myometrium taken at term gestation prior to and following labour onset. Lower segment myometrial strips were immersed in organ baths in oxygenated Krebs' solution at 37 °C and connected to isometric force transducers. After equilibration, spontaneous activity and concentration responses to PGE2, PGF2 α and U46619 (a stable TX mimetic) were measured as area under the curve and expressed as a percentage of the final contraction induced by hypotonic shock. Results were expressed as arithmetic means±s.e.m. and analysed using two-way ANOVA with Bonferroni's post hoc test. Myometrium excised at late gestation displayed the greatest spontaneous activity compared with the tissues taken during labour (P<0.001). Excitation evoked by PGF2 α (P<0.01) and PGE2 at 10−5 mol/l were attenuated after labour onset. U46619 consistently stimulated concentration-dependent contractions (P<0.001) and selective antagonists confirmed TP-mediated effects. The maintained responses to TX indicate crucial roles for TP receptors in the muscular tonus of the parturient uterus. This receptor and its secondary messenger system represent effective myometrial targets for tocolytic agents in both pregnancy and labour-associated disorders.