Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 17 items for

  • Author: A Martinez x
  • Refine by Access: All content x
Clear All Modify Search
Restricted access

A. Martinez, M. Berger, and Cl. Jean


When total RNA and poly (A)+ RNA extracted from the adult mouse vas deferens were translated in the rabbit reticulocyte lysate protein synthesizing system, they showed a similar electrophoretic pattern of about 20 protein bands of widely varying molecular weights. Within the total mRNA population, three functional mRNAs coding for proteins with molecular weights of 24, 34·5 and 36 kDa showed marked changes after 1 month of castration. The time-course of the response of the translatable proteins showed that while 3 days after castration the 24 and 36 kDa bands were missing, the mRNA coding for the 34·5 kDa band was markedly reduced only 20 days after castration. The negative effect of castration on the three mRNAs could be completely reversed by treatment with testosterone. When total RNA extracted from the immature mouse vas deferens was translated, the 24, 34·5 and 36 kDa protein bands were detectable in 10-day-old males and were synthesized in significant amounts between 10 and 20 days (24 and 36 kDa bands) or between 20 and 30 days (34·5 kDa band). Based on its electrophoretic and immunological properties, the 34·5 kDa protein band, which is predominant in the translation products, was identified as the major androgen-dependent protein previously described in vivo.

Journal of Endocrinology (1989) 120, 67–74

Free access

C Aigueperse, A Martinez, AM Lefrancois-Martinez, G Veyssiere, and CI Jean

Mouse vas deferens protein (MVDP) is a member of the aldo-keto reductase superfamily. The regulation of MVDP gene expression by activators of the protein kinase A signalling pathway was investigated in human (H295-R) and murine (Y1) adrenocortical carcinoma cells. Immunoblotting with polyclonal antibodies showed that MVDP is expressed in adrenal glands from mouse, rat, rabbit and guinea-pig, probably under the control of ACTH. In both adrenocortical cell lines used, MVDP is constitutively synthesized and its accumulation is increased by treatment with cAMP or forskolin. MVDP mRNA steady-state levels were up-regulated by forskolin in adrenocortical cells by a process that does not require de novo protein synthesis. The results suggest that cAMP is at least one of the key regulators of adrenal MVDP expression and that this effect is direct.

Free access

A Martinez, R Pio, J Lopez, and F Cuttitta

Adrenomedullin (AM) is a ubiquitous peptide hormone which, among other functional roles, reduces insulin secretion in the pancreas. Recently we have described the interaction between AM and the complement regulator protein factor H, which results in mutual modulation of their respective functions. Here we identify the expression of factor H in the beta cells of the rat pancreatic islets by immunohistochemistry and multiple immunofluorescence followed by confocal microscopy. In addition, double immunogold staining under the electron microscope showed coexistence of insulin and factor H immunoreactivities within the same secretory granules; interestingly, factor H staining was found in the electron-lucent haloes whereas the insulin antibody labeled preferentially the dense cores. The existence of factor H mRNA in the pancreas was confirmed by RT-PCR and in situ hybridization. The function of factor H in the pancreas was investigated with an insulin secretion assay. Addition of factor H to freshly isolated islets in the presence of AM resulted in a further reduction in insulin secretion with a concomitant elevation of cAMP, suggesting that factor H increases AM function in glucose homeostasis. The expression of factor H in the pancreas may play other important roles such as protection against complement-mediated cell lysis.

Free access

S Kapas, A Martinez, F Cuttitta, and JP Hinson

This study was designed to investigate the synthesis and action of adrenomedullin in the rat adrenal gland. The results obtained from in situ hybridization and immunocytochemical studies suggest that adrenomedullin is synthesized not only in the medulla, but also within the zona glomerulosa of the rat adrenal cortex. Findings from in situ hybridization and binding studies also suggested that specific adrenomedullin receptors are expressed in the zona glomerulosa, and that low levels are present in the inner zones of the cortex. The Kd of the zona glomerulosa adrenomedullin receptor (5.5 nmol/l) suggests that it may respond to locally produced adrenomedullin rather than circulating concentrations of the peptide, which are in a lower range. It was found that adrenomedullin acted on zona glomerulosa cells in vitro to stimulate aldosterone release and cAMP formation, but in this tissue did not stimulate inositol phosphate turnover. The effect of adrenomedullin on aldosterone secretion was significantly attenuated by a protein kinase A inhibitor, suggesting that cAMP mediates the effects of adrenomedullin on aldosterone secretion. Adrenomedullin did not significantly affect the response of zona glomerulosa cells to stimulation by either ACTH or angiotensin II. Adrenomedullin did not affect the release of catecholamines, either adrenaline or noradrenaline, by intact adrenal capsular tissue. These data suggest that both adrenomedullin and its specific receptor are expressed in the rat adrenal zona glomerulosa, leading to the hypothesis that adrenomedullin may have an autocrine/paracrine role in the regulation of the rat adrenal zona glomerulosa.

Restricted access


Cátedra de Fisiología, Facultad de Odontología, Universidad de Buenos Aires, and Departamento de Farmacología, Instituto Nacional de Farmacología y Bromatología, Buenos Aires, Argentina

(Received 10 June 1974)

Removal of the anterior pituitary in the rat has been shown to induce a decrease in the rate of red cell production (Bozzini, 1965) which in turn produces a reduction in the total circulating red cell volume (TCRCV) (Berlin, Van Dyke, Siri & Williams, 1950). Muldowney (1957), in man, and Doornenbal, Asdell & Comar (1962), in rats, have found that the TCRCV is better correlated to lean body mass (LBM) than to total body weight. Since not only hypophysectomy (Li, Simpson & Evans, 1949; Bozzini, Kofoed, Niotti, Alippi & Barrionuevo, 1970) but also testosterone treatment (Kochakian & Webster, 1958; Nathan & Gardner, 1965) result in profound alterations in body composition, which make it difficult to interpret TCRCV variations when its value is expressed

Restricted access

A. Martinez, M. Berger, Ch. Jean-Faucher, G. Veyssière, and Cl. Jean


This study investigated the hormonal regulation of the developmental pattern of a major protein of the mouse vas deferens (MVDP) which represents 10% of the vas deferens protein content. Using a specific radioimmunoassay, MVDP was first detected in 10-day-old males and its concentration increased sharply between 10 and 30 days, reaching adult levels at 40 days. In adult males, MVDP disappeared after castration, and testosterone treatment for 15 days was necessary to reverse the effect of castration completely. In 10-day-old mice castrated at birth, MVDP levels were similar to those measured in controls of the same age. Testosterone administration from 1 to 10 days of age did not induce precocious accumulation of MVDP. These results suggested that the neonatal expression of MVDP is independent of androgens. From 10 to 30 days, the increase in MVDP levels was androgen-dependent as shown by the castration and injection experiments. In males castrated at birth, the androgen-induced accumulation of MVDP was greatly reduced in adulthood. This suggested that neonatal androgens are necessary to obtain full expression of the MVDP gene in adults.

Journal of Endocrinology (1993) 138, 99–105

Free access

C Gonzalez, A Alonso, N Alvarez, F Diaz, M Martinez, S Fernandez, and AM Patterson

The mechanism for the development of insulin resistance in normal pregnancy is complex and is associated with serum levels of both progesterone and 17beta-estradiol. However, it remains unclear whether estrogens alone or progestins alone can cause insulin resistance, or whether it is a combination of both which produces this effect. We attempted to determine the role played by progesterone and/or 17beta-estradiol on the phenomena of sensitivity to insulin action that take place during pregnancy in the rat. Ovariectomized rats were treated with different doses of progesterone and/or 17beta-estradiol in order to simulate the plasma levels in normal pregnant rats. A euglycemic/hyperinsulinemic clamp was used to measure insulin sensitivity. At days 6 and 11, vehicle (V)- and progesterone (P)-treated groups were more insulin resistant than 17beta-estradiol (E)- and 17beta-estradiol+progesterone (EP)-treated groups. Nevertheless, at day 16, the V, EP and E groups were more resistant to insulin action than the P group. On the other hand, the V, EP and E groups were more insulin resistant at day 16 than at day 6, whereas the P group was more insulin resistant at day 6 than at day 16. Our results seem to suggest that the absence of female steroid hormones gives rise to a decreased insulin sensitivity. The rise in insulin sensitivity during early pregnancy, when the plasma concentrations of 17beta-estradiol and progesterone are low, could be due to 17beta-estradiol. However, during late pregnancy when the plasma concentrations of 17beta-estradiol and progesterone are high, the role of 17beta-estradiol could be to antagonize the effect of progesterone, diminishing insulin sensitivity.

Restricted access

J A García-Sáinz, M Martínez-Alfaro, M T Romero-Avila, and C González-Espinosa


In guinea pig hepatocytes angiotensin II induced phosphorylase a activation. This effect was mimicked by other angiotensins with the potency order: angiotensin II (EC50 ≈1 nm)>angiotensin III (EC50 ≈30 nm)>angiotensin I (EC50 ≈300 nm). The effect of 10 nm angiotensin II was blocked by the angiotensin II receptor AT1-selective antagonists irbesartan and losartan (K i values of ≈1 nm and ≈10 nm for irbesartan and losartan respectively) but not by the AT2-selective antagonist PD123177.

Similar data were obtained when the production of [3H]IP3 from [3H]myo-inositol-labeled cells was studied. Angiotensin II induced a dose-dependent increase in [3H]IP3 production; the maximal effect (≈3-fold) was observed at a concentration of 10 μm. This effect of angiotensin II was completely blocked by the AT1-selective antagonists irbesartan and losartan, but only in a very limited fashion by PD123177. [125I][Sar1-Ile8]angiotensin II bound with high affinity (≈3·8 nm) to a moderately abundant number of sites (≈660 fmol/mg protein) in guinea pig liver membranes. Binding competition experiments indicate the following orders of potency for agonists: angiotensin II (≈1·5 nm)>angiotensin III (≈7 nm)>angiotensin I (≈176 nm), and for antagonists: irbesartan (≈0·5 nm)>losartan (≈36 nm)>> PD123177 (>> 10 000 nm).

The functional and binding data strongly indicate that the effects of angiotensin II were mediated through AT1 receptors. Expression of the mRNA for these receptors was confirmed by RT-PCR and hybridization of the reaction product with a radiolabeled rat AT1 receptor cDNA probe.

Journal of Endocrinology (1997) 154, 133–138

Free access

M Kurtz, E Capobianco, V Careaga, N Martinez, M B Mazzucco, M Maier, and A Jawerbaum

Maternal diabetes impairs fetal lung development. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are ligand-activated transcription factors relevant in lipid homeostasis and lung development. This study aims to evaluate the effect of in vivo activation of PPARs on lipid homeostasis in fetal lungs of diabetic rats. To this end, we studied lipid concentrations, expression of lipid metabolizing enzymes and fatty acid composition in fetal lungs of control and diabetic rats i) after injections of the fetuses with Leukotriene B4 (LTB4, PPARα ligand) or 15deoxyΔ12,14prostaglandin J2 (15dPGJ2, PPARγ ligand) and ii) fed during pregnancy with 6% olive oil- or 6% safflower oil-supplemented diets, enriched with PPAR ligands were studied. Maternal diabetes increased triglyceride concentrations and decreased expression of lipid-oxidizing enzymes in fetal lungs of diabetic rats, an expression further decreased by LTB4 and partially restored by 15dPGJ2 in lungs of male fetuses in the diabetic group. In lungs of female fetuses in the diabetic group, maternal diets enriched with olive oil increased triglyceride concentrations and fatty acid synthase expression, while those enriched with safflower oil increased triglyceride concentrations and fatty acid transporter expression. Both olive oil- and safflower oil-supplemented diets decreased cholesterol and cholesteryl ester concentrations and increased the expression of the reverse cholesterol transporter ATP-binding cassette A1 in fetal lungs of female fetuses of diabetic rats. In fetal lungs of control and diabetic rats, the proportion of polyunsaturated fatty acids increased with the maternal diets enriched with olive and safflower oils. Our results revealed important changes in lipid metabolism in fetal lungs of diabetic rats, and in the ability of PPAR ligands to modulate the composition of lipid species relevant in the lung during the perinatal period.

Free access

A Martinez, L Saldise, MJ Ramirez, S Belzunegui, E Zudaire, MR Luquin, and F Cuttitta

Adrenomedullin (AM) immunoreactivity has been found in granules of the glomus (type I) cells of the carotid bodies in rats. The identity of these cells was ascertained by colocalization of immunoreactivities for AM and tyrosine hydroxylase in their cytoplasm. Exposure of freshly isolated carotid bodies to synthetic AM resulted in a concentration- and time-dependent degranulation of glomus cells as measured by dopamine (DA) release. DA release reached a zenith 30 min after exposure to AM (94.2% over untreated controls). At this time-point, the response to AM was similar to the one elicited by 5 min of exposure to 100 mM K+. Nevertheless, injection of 1 micro l 60 nM AM/g body weight into the tail vein of the rats did not induce statistical differences in DA release from the carotid bodies. Exposure of the oxygen-sensitive cell line PC-12 to hypoxia elicited an increase in AM mRNA expression and peptide secretion into serum-free conditioned medium. Previous data have shown that elevation of AM expression under hypoxia is mediated through hypoxia-inducible factor-1, and that exposure of chromaffin cells to AM results in degranulation. All these data suggest that AM is an important autocrine regulator of carotid body function.