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  • Author: A. M. Brodie x
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A. Bartke, W. W. Morgan, R. N. Clayton, T. K. Banerji, A. M. Brodie, T. A. Parkening and T. J. Collins

ABSTRACT

In several species, including man and the rat, hyperprolactinaemia is associated with suppression of gonadotrophin release and male sexual behaviour. However, in the hyperprolactinaemic male mouse, plasma LH and FSH levels and copulatory behaviour are increased rather than suppressed. In an attempt to identify mechanism(s) which may be responsible for these effects of hyperprolactinaemia in the mouse, we have examined the effects of two ectopic pituitary isografts on several indices of hypothalamic and pituitary function in adult DBA/2J males. Animals with pituitary grafts had markedly increased plasma concentrations of prolactin, LH and FSH and enlarged seminal vesicles, whereas testicular and pituitary weights were not affected. Content of LHRH receptors and activity of aromatase in the pituitary, as well as dopamine-β-hydroxylase activity in the hypothalamus were nearly identical in pituitary-grafted and sham-operated males. Biosynthesis of dopamine and turnover of noradrenaline in the median eminence were significantly increased in grafted males. We suggest that the increase in the activity of hypothalamic noradrenergic neurones may mediate stimulatory action of hyperprolactinaemia on LH and FSH release in the mouse. Comparison of these results with those obtained previously in the rat suggests that species differences in the effects of prolactin on gonadotrophin release may be related to its divergent effects on noradrenaline turnover.

J. Endocr. (1987) 112, 215–220

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J. R. BLAIR-WEST, A. BRODIE, J. P. COGHLAN, D. A. DENTON, C. FLOOD, J. R. GODING, B. A. SCOGGINS, J. F. TAIT, S. A. S. TAIT, E M. WINTOUR and R. D. WRIGHT

SUMMARY

The effect of sodium depletion on the conversion of corticosterone to aldosterone has been examined in vivo using the adrenal transplants of two sheep. [3H]Corticosterone was infused continuously directly into the adrenal gland via the carotid artery over a period of 30 min. and the total adrenal effluent was collected via the jugular vein in six consecutive 5-min. samples. The conversion of [3H]corticosterone to [3H]aldosterone and the endogenous output of aldosterone was measured in each sample using a double isotope derivative method and the specific activity of the aldosterone calculated. Radioactive conversion of B → aldosterone reached equilibrium within 10 min. of the start of infusion and remained constant over a period of 10–25 min. Aldosterone secretion was also constant during the first 25 min. of infusion.

In the same sheep the mean percentage conversion increased as aldosterone secretion rose over a range of 2–12 μg./hr. With more severe sodium depletion, i.e. with aldosterone secretion rates of 12–16 μg./hr., conversion decreased to that found in the sodium replete state. The specific activity of the aldosterone was constant throughout the mildly deplete range (2–12 μg./hr.) but fell with severe sodium depletion. In the sodium replete range (0–2 μg./hr.) before the introduction of a parotid fistula, the specific activity was the same as in the mildly deplete state. After the introduction of a parotid fistula the specific activity increased as the secretion decreased from 2 to 0 μg.

The validity of the approach and interpretation of the results in terms of the biosynthetic pathways involved are discussed.