TSH-treated pig thyroid cells reorganize into follicle-like structures and exhibit differentiated functions. TSH also induces a phosphotyrosine phosphatase (PTPase) activity evaluated by phosphorylated substrate hydrolysis. Incubation of thyrocytes with various concentrations of 8-bromo-cyclic AMP or forskolin induces an increase of PTPase activity in a dose-dependent manner. During the culture period, adenylyl cyclase sensitivity, protein binding iodine and PTPase activity progressively increase from the first to the fourth day of the culture. Chronic treatment with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) significantly inhibits PTPase activity during the first 24 h following PMA addition. GF 109203X, a specific inhibitor of protein kinase C, abolishes the inhibitory effect of PMA. Electrophoresis of membrane extracts allowed us to demonstrate a phosphatase activity at 111 kDa (p111). Vanadate inhibits this activity, indicating that p111 is a PTPase. This p111 is significantly reduced in PMA-treated cells. These data suggest that PTPase activity evidenced at 111 kDa is correlated with a differentiated state of primary cultured pig thyroid cells induced by TSH.
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E Petitfrere, E Huet, H Sartelet, L Martiny, O Legue, and B Haye
N Delorme, C Remond, H Sartelet, E Petitfrere, C Clement, C Schneider, G Bellon, A Virion, B Haye, and L Martiny
Thyrotropin (TSH) and transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGFbeta1) have major roles in the regulation of folliculogenesis and differentiation in thyroid cells. Isolated porcine thyroid cells cultured in the presence of TSH on a plastic surface recover a follicular architecture and exhibit normal functional properties. The addition of TGFbeta1 to the culture medium induces important morphological changes and extracellular matrix remodelling. Similarly, thyroid cells lose their ability to organify iodine and their responsiveness to adenylate cyclase. The aim of this study was to analyse the influence of TGFbeta1 on the functional activity of thyrocytes in suspension culture, independent of follicle disruption. In this system, we demonstrate that TGFbeta1 inhibits expression of thyroperoxidase, NADPH oxidase activity, iodine uptake and, consequently, iodine organification. Moreover, TGFbeta1 decreases basal and TSH-stimulated cAMP production and TSH receptor expression. Taken together, these data converge to demonstrate an essential role of TGFbeta1 in the regulation of the thyroid cell function.