We analysed the effects of specific neurohypophysial analogues for pharmacological characterization of the type of vasotocin receptor involved in the control of the adrenocorticotrophin hormone (ACTH) release from the perifused pituitary in the rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss.
Mammalian corticotrophin releasing factor (CRF) and teleostean neurohypophysial peptides (arginine vasotocin (AVT) and isotocin (IT)) stimulated ACTH release. Analysis of concentrations giving half-maximal effects (D50) showed that these peptides affected ACTH release in the following order of potency: CRF (8 × 10−13
m) >AVT (2 × 10−10
m). Maximal responses (Dmax) were obtained for hormonal concentrations of 10−10
m and 10−6
m respectively. This suggests that AVT and IT have different roles in the control of ACTH release. The values obtained for AVT and IT were in agreement with the circulating levels we previously found for these peptides.
Specific V1 or V2 agonists or antagonists (with reference to vasopressin in mammals) were used to define the specificity of the neurohypophysial peptide receptor involved in this stimulation. The V1 agonist, [Phe2, Orn8]-oxytocin, stimulated ACTH release while the V2 agonist, [deamino1, Val4, d-Arg8]-vasopressin, had no such effect. Maximal and half-maximal responses were obtained in the presence of the V1 agonist with 10−7
m and 7 × 10−9
m respectively, and were in the range of values obtained with natural peptides. The V1 antagonist, [d(CH2)5
1, O-Me-Tyr2, Arg8]-vasopressin, and the V2 antagonist, [d(CH2)5
1, d-Ile2, Ile4, Arg8, Ala9]-vasopressin, maximally reversed the 10−9
m AVT-stimulated ACTH release by 60% and 25% respectively, for a 5 × 10−10
m concentration of the analogues and a D50 approximately 2 × 10−11
These results demonstrated the presence of only one V1-type receptor in fish pituitary, with some of the structural and functional peculiarities typically displayed by the mammalian V1a-type receptor, but distinct from it. In this sense, the fish pituitary vasotocin receptor may represent a novel type of neurohypophysial hormone receptor, more closely related to the mammalian V1b-type.
Journal of Endocrinology (1996) 149, 109–115