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  • Author: D Grigorie x
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HH Conaway, D Grigorie and UH Lerner

Differential effects on in vitro bone resorption were observed when the glucocorticoids, hydrocortisone and dexamethasone, were added to neonatal mouse calvariae treated with either parathyroid hormone (PTH), 1,25(OH)2-vitamin D3, all trans-retinoic acid (t-RA), or prostaglandin E2 (PGE2). Bone resorption was assessed by analyzing either the release of 45Ca from [45Ca]CaCl2 prelabeled calvarial bones or the release of 3H from [3H]proline prelabeled calvariae. At PGE2 concentrations of 3 x 10(-8) and 3 x 10(-7) mol/l, co-treatment with either 10(-6) mol/l dexamethasone or 10(-6) mol/l hydrocortisone caused additive 45Ca release from neonatal mouse calvariae. In contrast, synergistic release from mouse calvarial bones of both 45Ca and 3H was found after either 10(-6) mol/l hydrocortisone or 10(-6) mol/l dexamethasone was combined with 3 x 10(-11) mol/l PTH treatment for 120 h. Dose-response studies indicated that the synergistic stimulation of 45Ca release from neonatal mouse calvariae by glucocorticoids and PTH could be elicited at glucocorticoid concentrations of 10(-8) to 10(-6) mol/l and at PTH concentrations of 10(-11) to 10(-9) mol/l. Progesterone and RU 38486 (a derivative of 19-nortestosterone with antiglucocorticoid activity) blocked the synergism noted with glucocorticoid and PTH co-treatment, suggesting that interaction between the steroids and PTH was dependent on glucocorticoid receptor interaction. Addition of either 10(-6) mol/l hydrocortisone or 10(-6) mol/l dexamethasone to neonatal mouse calvariae treated with 1,25(OH)2-vitamin D3 (10(-11) and 10(-10) mol/l) also resulted in synergistic stimulation of 45Ca release. In contrast to these observations, the stimulatory effect of t-RA (10(-8) mol/l) on 45Ca release from calvarial bones was abolished in the presence of 10(-6) mol/l dexamethasone. These results suggest that an important role of glucocorticoids may be to synergistically potentiate bone resorption stimulated by PTH and 1,25(OH)2-vitamin D3, but indicate an opposing interaction between the glucocorticoids and bone resorptive retinoids.