Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 2 of 2 items for

  • Author: E Eriksson x
  • Refine by Access: All content x
Clear All Modify Search
Free access

P Bergsten, K Aoyagi, E Persson, UJ Eriksson, and C Hellerstrom

Fetal rat pancreatic cells were isolated from pancreatic primordia on days 12-14 of pregnancy and cultured for 48 h in the presence of 5 mmol/l glucose. Insulin accumulation in the medium over the next 24 h was measured. Cultured cells from day 12 fetuses secreted about 1 fmol insulin per pancreas in response to 5 or 15 mmol/l glucose irrespective of whether 1 mmol/l tolbutamide, 400 mumol/l diazoxide, 5 mmol/l theophylline or 10 mmol/l mannoheptulose was present. In contrast, insulin released from day 13 cultured cells increased significantly from 3.0 +/- 0.6 to 6.2 +/- 2.2 fmol per pancreas, when the glucose concentration was raised. Tolbutamide increased, diazoxide and mannoheptulose decreased and theophylline had no effect on insulin release. Even more pronounced effects were found on insulin release from day 14 cultured cells, in which theophylline also increased the release. In addition, insulin release from cells from pregnancy day 14 was 75 +/- 16 amol/min per pancreas when the cells were perifused for 15-20 min in the presence of 5 mmol/l glucose within 3 h of isolation. Increasing the glucose concentration to 15 mmol/l or adding tolbutamide increased, whereas diazoxide decreased, insulin release in the freshly isolated cells. The insulin content of rat pancreata from pregnancy day 13 was 0.06 +/- 0.01 pmol per pancreas and increased approximately 10-fold every second day up to 6.7 +/- 0.9 pmol on day 17 of pregnancy. Between day 17 and 19 the pancreatic insulin content increased about fivefold to 39 +/- 2 pmol. The present data suggest that critical components of the insulin-secretory machinery, including ATP-regulated K+ channels, glucokinase and adenylate cyclase activities, are present in the developing beta-cell earlier than hitherto thought.

Free access

C Nilsson, D Swolin-Eide, C Ohlsson, E Eriksson, HP Ho, P Bjorntorp, and A Holmang

Leptin is involved in regulating food intake, energy balance and bone formation. Increasing evidence suggests that leptin is also involved in fetal growth and development. The aim of this study was to determine if increased maternal leptin is followed by changes in body composition, skeletal growth or hormonal regulation in the adult rat offspring. Pregnant rats were given injections of either human recombinant leptin (3.5 mg/kg, i.p.) or vehicle on days 8, 10 and 12 of gestation. Both genders of leptin-exposed offspring showed significantly reduced adipose tIssue weight at adult age. Skeletal growth and cortical bone dimensions were significantly reduced. Circulating testosterone levels were significantly increased in female leptin-exposed offspring, and male leptin-exposed offspring had significant testicular enlargement. No significant effects were seen on circulating leptin levels or hypothalamic protein levels of the leptin receptor. The results demonstrate that maternally administered leptin is involved in fetal growth and development, leading to lean offspring with reduced skeletal growth.