Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 8 of 8 items for

  • Author: F Rodriguez x
  • Refine by Access: All content x
Clear All Modify Search
Restricted access



UDP-galactose: glycoprotein galactosyltransferase, CMP-sialic acid: glycoprotein sialyltransferase and UDP-galactose pyrophosphatase activities were measured in the endometrium of rat uteri during the oestrous cycle. The galactosyltransferase activity started to increase at dioestrus and reached a maximum on the afternoon of pro-oestrus. The UDP-galactose pyrophosphatase activity changed in a direction opposite to that of galactosyltransferase. The sialyltransferase activity was low during metoestrus and dioestrus, but began to rise on the morning of pro-oestrus, reaching a peak on the morning of oestrus. Previously, we have shown that oestradiol administration stimulated galactosyl- and sialyltransferase and inhibited pyrophosphatase activities several-fold in the endometrium of ovariectomized rats. Progesterone prevented the oestradiol effect on the enzymes. The changes in glycosyltransferase and pyrophosphatase activities during the oestrous cycle possibly bear a direct relationship to the ovarian hormones in the rat during the normal oestrous cycle. This relationship will then be conducive to increased synthesis of glycopolymers during ovulation. Furthermore, the lag of 18 h for a maximal rise of sialyltransferase following that of galactosyltransferase is consistent with the normal sequence of glycosylation that occurs in glycoprotein secretion.

Restricted access

S. M. Rhind, S. McMillen, W. A. C. McKelvey, F. F. Rodriguez-Herrejon, and A. S. McNeilly


The effects of body fat content (body condition) of ewes on hypothalamic activity and gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) secretion and on pituitary sensitivity to GnRH were investigated using Scottish Blackface ewes. Two groups of 12 ewes were fed so that they achieved either a high body condition score (2·98, s.e.m. = 0·046; approximately 27% of empty body weight as fat) or a low body condition score (1·94, s.e.m. = 0·031; approximately 19% of empty body weight as fat) by 4 weeks before the period of study. Thereafter, they were differentially fed so that the difference in mean condition score was maintained. Oestrus was synchronized, and on day 11 of the subsequent cycle half of the ewes of each group were ovariectomized. On day 12, the remaining ewes were injected (i.m.) with 100 μg prostaglandin F analogue and ovariectomized 30 h later. Numbers of large ovarian follicles and corpora lutea present at ovariectomy were recorded. Blood samples were collected at 15-min intervals for 12 h on day 10 of the cycle (luteal phase) and at 10-min intervals from 24 to 30 h after prostaglandin injection (follicular phase). At days 2 and 7 after ovariectomy, samples were collected at 15-min intervals for 8 h and ewes were then injected with 10 μg GnRH and samples were collected for a further 3 h. Samples were assayed for LH and FSH. Ewes in high body condition had more more large follicles than ewes in low body condition during the luteal phase (15·3 vs 6·5; P < 0·05) and follicular phase (11·5 vs 7·0; NS) and a slightly higher mean ovulation rate (1·50 vs 1·20; NS). However, during the luteal and follicular phases of the cycle before ovariectomy there was no effect of condition score on mean LH or FSH concentrations or mean LH pulse frequency or pulse amplitude. Two days after ovariectomy, ewes of high body condition had a higher mean LH pulse frequency than ewes of low body condition (P < 0·05) and higher mean FSH concentrations (P < 0·05). Mean LH concentration and pulse amplitude were not affected. LH and FSH profiles were not affected by body condition on day 7. GnRH-induced increases in LH and FSH concentrations on days 2 and 7 were not affected by body condition. At day 7, but not day 2, ewes ovariectomized during the luteal phase of the cycle had a significantly (P < 0·05) greater GnRH-induced LH release compared with ewes ovariectomized during the follicular phase. It is concluded that body condition directly affects hypothalamic activity and GnRH secretion, but not pituitary sensitivity to GnRH, and that effects on reproductive performance are also mediated through changes in ovarian hormones or in hypothalamo-pituitary sensitivity to ovarian hormones.

Journal of Endocrinology (1989) 120, 497–502

Free access

Ana B Ropero, Pablo Juan-Picó, Alex Rafacho, Esther Fuentes, F Javier Bermúdez-Silva, Enrique Roche, Ivan Quesada, Fernando Rodríguez de Fonseca, and Angel Nadal

PPARα is a ligand-activated transcription factor belonging to the nuclear receptor superfamily. PPARα is involved in the regulation of in vivo triglyceride levels, presumably through its effects on fatty acid and lipoprotein metabolism. Some nuclear receptors have been involved in rapid effects mediated by non-genomic mechanisms. In this paper, we report the rapid non-genomic effects of PPARα ligands on the intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2 +]i), mitochondrial function, reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, and secretion of insulin in freshly isolated mouse islets of Langerhans. The hypolipidemic fibrate PPARα agonist WY-14 643 decreased the glucose-induced calcium oscillations in intact islets. This effect was mimicked by the synthetic agonist GW7647 and the endogenous agonist oleylethanolamide. The WY-14 643 action was rapid in onset (5 min) and was still produced in the presence of protein and mRNA synthesis inhibitors, cycloheximide, and actinomycin-d. This suggests that it is independent of gene transcription. In addition, WY-14 623 impaired mitochondrial function, increased ROS formation and decreased insulin release. PPARα is present in β-cells, mainly in the cytosol and nucleus, with a small subpopulation localized in the plasma membrane. However, the presence of the PPARα ligand effects in mice bearing a disrupted Pparα gene raises the possibility that the rapid effects of the agonists in pancreatic β-cells are independent of the receptor. We conclude that PPARα agonists produce a decrease in glucose-induced [Ca2 +]i signals and insulin secretion in β-cells through a rapid, non-genomic mechanism.

Free access

RA Medina, AM Meneses, JC Vera, C Guzman, F Nualart, F Rodriguez, M de los Angeles Garcia, S Kato, N Espinoza, C Monso, A Carvajal, M Pinto, and GI Owen

Estrogen replacement therapy and other unopposed estrogen treatments increase the incidence of endometrial abnormalities, including cancer. However, this effect is counteracted by the co-administration of progesterone. In the endometrium, glucose transporter (GLUT) expression and glucose transport are known to fluctuate throughout the menstrual cycle. Here, we determined the effect of estrogen and progesterone on the expression of GLUT1-4 and on the transport of deoxyglucose in Ishikawa endometrial cancer cells. Cells were incubated with estrogen, progesterone or combined estrogen and progesterone for 24 h and the effect on the expression of GLUT1-4 and on deoxyglucose transport was determined. We show that GLUT1 expression is upregulated by estrogen and progesterone individually, but that combined estrogen and progesterone treatment reverses this increase. Hormonal treatments do not affect GLUT2, GLUT3 or GLUT4 expression. Transport studies demonstrate that estrogen increases deoxyglucose transport at Michaelis-Menten constants (Kms) corresponding to GLUT1/4, an effect which disappears when progesterone is added concomitantly. These data demonstrate that different hormonal treatments differentially regulate GLUT expression and glucose transport in this endometrial cancer cell line. This regulation mirrors the role played by estrogen and progesterone on the incidence of cancer in this tissue and suggests that GLUT1 may be utilized by endometrial cancer cells to fuel their demand for increased energy requirement.

Restricted access

C. Dieguez, V. Jordan, P. Harris, S. Foord, M. D. Rodriguez-Arnao, A. Gomez-Pan, R. Hall, and M. F. Scanlon


In order to investigate whether the impaired GH secretion associated with hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism is due to a hypothalamic or a pituitary disorder, we have studied plasma GH responses to GH-releasing factor (1–29) (GRF) in euthyroid, hypothyroid and hyperthyroid rats. Hypothyroid rats showed a significant (P< 0·001) reduction in GH responses to GRF (5 μg/kg) at 5 min (350 ± 35 vs 1950 ±260 μg/l), 10 min (366±66 vs 2320 ± 270 μg/l) and 15 min after GRF injection (395 ± 72 vs 1420 ± 183 μg/l; means ± s.e.m.) compared with euthyroid rats. Hyperthyroid rats showed a significant (P<0·05) decrease in GH responses to 5 μg GRF/kg after 30 min (200±14 vs 325 ± 35 μg/l) but not at other time-points, or after the administration of 1 μg GRF/kg. These data indicate that in hypothyroidism and perhaps hyperthyroidism there is an alteration in the responsiveness of the somatotroph to GRF administration.

J. Endocr (1986) 109, 53–56

Free access

Marcos C Carreira, Jesus P Camiña, Esther Díaz-Rodríguez, Rodrigo Alvear-Perez, Catherine Llorens-Cortes, and Felipe F Casanueva

Ghrelin regulates GH secretion and energy homeostasis through the GH secretagogue receptor type-1a (GHS-R1a). This G-protein coupled receptor shows the peculiarity to transduce information provided not just by ghrelin as well as by adenosine through a supposed binding site different from the characterized ghrelin-binding pocket. Indeed, adenosine triggers intracellular calcium rise through a distinct signaling pathway to the one described for ghrelin, although it fails to stimulate GH secretion. Despite multiple active conformations of GHS-R1a, suggested as an explanation for a ligand-dependent activation of the downstream signaling, the concept of adenosine as agonist for GHS-R1a has been re-evaluated. The results revealed that calcium rise of both ghrelin and adenosine appears to be mediated by receptors that did not show the same sensitivity to protein kinase C (PKC) activity in GHS-R1a-transfected HEK 293 cells (HEK-GHS-R1a cells). The binding analyses showed the same number of adenosine-binding sites in both HEK 293 (B max = 2.01 ± 0.15 fmol/cell) and HEK-GHS-R1a cells (B max = 1.90 ± 0.11 fmol/cell). This binding was unaltered by different GHS-R1a antagonists. Western blot analysis showed a similar endogenous expression of endogenous adenosine receptor type-2b and -3 in both cell lines. The K d values for adenosine were 1.78 μM in HEK 293 cells and 6.30 μM in HEK-GHS-R1a cells, pointing to a modification of agonist affinity induced by overexpression of the GHS-R1a. Additionally, adenosine failed to induce the GHS-R1a endocytosis, although it attenuates the ghrelin-induced GHS-R1a endocytosis. In conclusion, adenosine is not an agonist of the GHS-R1a and its action is mediated by the endogenous adenosine receptor type-2b and -3, which is able to partially use the intracellular signaling machinery of HEK-GHS-R1a cells.

Free access

M I Rodriguez, G Escames, L C López, J A García, F Ortiz, A López, and D Acuña-Castroviejo

Cardiac and diaphragmatic mitochondria from male SAMP8 (senescent) and SAMR1 (resistant) mice of 5 or 10 months of age were studied. Levels of lipid peroxidation (LPO), glutathione (GSH), GSH disulfide (GSSG), and GSH peroxidase and GSH reductase (GRd) activities were measured. In addition, the effect of chronic treatment with the antioxidant melatonin from 1 to 10 months of age was evaluated. Cardiac and diaphragmatic mitochondria show an age-dependent increase in LPO levels and a reduction in GSH:GSSG ratios. Chronic treatment with melatonin counteracted the age-dependent LPO increase and GSH:GSSG ratio reduction in these mitochondria. Melatonin also increased GRd activity, an effect that may account for the maintenance of the mitochondrial GSH pool. Total mitochondrial content of GSH increased after melatonin treatment. In general, the effects of age and melatonin treatment were similar in senescence-resistant mice (SAMR1) and SAMP8 cardiac and diaphragmatic mitochondria, suggesting that these mice strains display similar mitochondrial oxidative damage at the age of 10 months. The results also support the efficacy of long-term melatonin treatment in preventing the age-dependent mitochondrial oxidative stress.

Free access

Uxía Gurriarán-Rodríguez, Omar Al-Massadi, Ana Belén Crujeiras, Carlos S Mosteiro, María Amil-Diz, Daniel Beiroa, Rubén Nogueiras, Luisa María Seoane, Rosalía Gallego, Yolanda Pazos, Felipe F Casanueva, and Jesús P Camiña

This study aimed to investigate the role of preproghrelin-derived peptides in adipogenesis. Immunocytochemical analysis of 3T3-L1 adipocyte cells showed stronger preproghrelin expression compared with that observed in 3T3-L1 preadipocyte cells. Insulin promoted this expression throughout adipogenesis identifying mTORC1 as a critical downstream substrate for this profile. The role of preproghrelin-derived peptides on the differentiation process was supported by preproghrelin knockdown experiments, which revealed its contribution to adipogenesis. Neutralization of endogenous O-acyl ghrelin (acylated ghrelin), unacylated ghrelin, and obestatin by specific antibodies supported their adipogenic potential. Furthermore, a parallel increase in the expression of ghrelin-associated enzymatic machinery, prohormone convertase 1/3 (PC1/3) and membrane-bound O-acyltransferase 4 (MBOAT4), was dependent on the expression of preproghrelin in the course of insulin-induced adipogenesis. The coexpression of preproghrelin system and their receptors, GHSR1a and GPR39, during adipogenesis supports an autocrine/paracrine role for these peptides. Preproghrelin, PC1/3, and MBOAT4 exhibited dissimilar expression depending on the white fat depot, revealing their regulation in a positive energy balance situation in mice. The results underscore a key role for preproghrelin-derived peptides on adipogenesis through an autocrine/paracrine mechanism.