The effects of insulin and insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) on glucose transport were compared in myotubes derived from chicken breast muscle satellite cells in vitro. Myotubes were incubated (for 0·5 or 4 h) with or without glucose in the presence or absence of insulin or IGF-I. Glucose uptake was subsequently measured by the incorporation of 2-[1,2-3H(N)] deoxy-d-glucose ([3H]2DG) in glucose-free medium (10 min at 20 °C). Glucose uptake was almost completely abolished by the addition of cytochalasin B or phloretin. It was increased by a decrease in glucose concentration in the incubation medium. Insulin (5 mg/l) stimulated [3H]2DG uptake to a maximum of 43 ± 10% above basal after 30-min incubation and 101 ± 15% after 4-h incubation. IGF-I and insulin at equimolar concentrations (25 μg/l and 20 μg/l respectively) were almost equipotent after 0·5 h but after 4-h incubation IGF-I was 17-fold more potent, suggesting that this 'late' effect was mediated through the IGF-I receptor. Incubation with cycloheximide suggested that the effect of IGF-I involved increased protein synthesis. The results suggest that chicken myotubes express a glucose transporter which is regulated by IGF-I and glucose concentration. However, they do not appear to express a typical insulin-responsive transport system.
Journal of Endocrinology (1993) 137, 465–472