Parathyroid hormone (PTH) regulates osteoblast function via a G protein-linked PTH/PTH-related protein (PTHrP) receptor. We have studied the mechanisms of PTH/PTHrP receptor gene repression by PTH in UMR-106 osteoblast-like cells. Inhibition of PTH/PTHrP receptor mRNA expression by rat (r) PTH(1-34) and Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) at 10(-7)M was significant at 1 h and 3 h, and maximal at 2 h and 6 h. A maximal decrease in receptor mRNA abundance by rPTH(1-34) and IGF-I was maintained for 24 h. Inhibition of receptor gene expression by rPTH(1-34) was mimicked in UMR-106 cells by the addition of forskolin (an adenylyl cyclase activator), or 8-(4-chlorophenylthio)-adenine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (8-pCPTcAMP; a cAMP analogue). Although H89, a selective protein kinase A (PKA) inhibitor, completely inhibited PKA activity stimulated by rPTH(1-34), forskolin or 8-pCPTcAMP, suppression of PTH/PTHrP receptor mRNA synthesis induced by these substances in UMR-106 cells was not affected by H89. In primary osteoblast cultures, rPTH(1-34) inhibited synthesis of PTH/PTHrP receptor mRNA irrespective of H89. The down-regulation effect of rPTH(1-34) was also unaltered by PD98059 (an extracellularly regulated kinase 1/2 mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway inhibitor). Pretreatment with cycloheximide, a protein synthesis inhibitor, did not alter the inhibition of PTH/PTHrP receptor mRNA expression by rPTH(1-34), indicating that receptor mRNA suppression does not require new protein synthesis. Transcriptional activation of PTH/PTHrP receptor gene promoter (U3P or U4P)-luciferase constructs was decreased by rPTH(1-34), forskolin and 8-pCPTcAMP irrespective of H89. Thus, PTH transcriptionally down-regulates PTH/PTHrP receptor gene expression in osteoblast-like cells via a cAMP-dependent, PKA-independent pathway.
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