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M. Nonomura, K. Hoshino, T. Harigaya, H. Hashimoto and O. Yoshida


Hyperprolactinaemia induced by pituitary isografts in male host mice was confirmed by radioimmunoassay, but plasma testosterone levels determined by radioimmunoassay in these mice showed no changes. Immunoenzyme electron microscopic observations revealed large spherical-shaped immunoreactive prolactin granules in pituitary grafts in male hosts, regardless of the sex of the donor mice, indicating the disappearance of sexual dimorphism in prolactin-producing cells in hyperprolactinaemic mice. In hyperprolactinaemic host mice the male accessory sex glands, particularly the seminal vesicle and the ventral prostate, exhibited considerable proliferation and significant increase in weight. These phenomena do not seem to be mediated by the increased action of testosterone. Such biological effects in host mice were much greater when the donor was female rather than male, and were more noticeable in C57BL mice than in C3H mice.

J. Endocr. (1985) 107, 71–76

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D. Morishita, K. Sasaki, M. Wakita and S. Hoshino


White Leghorn male chicks of 40 days of age were fasted for 5 days and then refed. Blood samples were collected from these chicks before, during and after fasting and serum levels of GH and insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and serum IGF-I-binding activity were determined. The fasting-induced reduction in body weight was accompanied by a significant rise in circulating GH and fall in IGF-I, coupled with increased serum IGF-I-binding activity. When pooled serum was chromatographed under neutral conditions, IGF-I binding activity and IGF-I immunoreactivity were mainly associated with a large (M r= 150 000) and a small protein (M r=30 000). Fasting induced a marked increase in the IGF-I-binding activity of the 30 kDa IGF-I-binding protein (IGFBP) and refeeding restored activity to the normal levels seen before fasting. Ligand blotting of serumbinding proteins with 125I-labelled IGF-I, after first subjecting the samples to polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and transfer to nitrocellulose, revealed that four IGFBPs (M r=20 000, 30 000, 35 900 and 41 000) were present in chicken serum, and that the 125I-labelled IGF-I binding of the 30 kDa monomer was increased by fasting and restored to normal by refeeding in agreement with gel filtration profiles of IGF-Ibinding activity. Western blot analysis suggested that the 30 kDa IGFBP is homologous to IGFBP-2 found in mammalian blood plasma. The results show that IGFBPs in chicken serum and their responses to fasting are similar to those in mammals.

Journal of Endocrinology (1993) 139, 363–370