Sodium nitroprusside (SNP) spontaneously produces nitric oxide (NO). In many cell types, this activates the soluble form of the enzyme guanylyl cyclase (GC), resulting in the elevation of cGMP. We herein report the role of NO and cGMP on iodide uptake in primary cultures of calf thyroid cells. Iodide uptake is the limiting step in thyroid hormone biosynthesis and a typical functional parameter. The effect of SNP on this parameter was thus determined. In cells treated with TSH for 72 h, addition of 5 mM SNP for the last 2 h caused a significant inhibition on iodide uptake, with no change in cells not treated with TSH. This action was mimicked by an analogue of cGMP, 8Br-cGMP, and blocked by reduced hemoglobin, thus suggesting that it is mediated by the GC-cGMP pathway. SNP also inhibited the stimulation caused by forskolin or analogues of cAMP, indicating that the effect takes place in this pathway, which would be distal to cAMP generation. The accumulation of radioiodine by thyroid cells is a consequence of the balance between influx and efflux. The studies demonstrate that SNP does not affect iodide efflux, thus revealing that it inhibits the influx.
LV Bocanera, L Krawiec, D Silberschmidt, O Pignataro, GJ Juvenal, LB Pregliasco and MA Pisarev
N Grion, E M Repetto, Y Pomeraniec, C Martinez Calejman, F Astort, R Sanchez, O P Pignataro, P Arias and C B Cymeryng
The present study was designed to investigate the effect of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on the expression levels and activities of the nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and heme oxygenase (HO) systems in the rat adrenal gland. Both enzymatic activities were significantly increased in this tissue after in vivo treatment with LPS. The concurrent induction of the HO-1, NOS-1, and NOS-2 gene products was also detected as both mRNAs and protein levels were augmented by this treatment in a time-dependent way. A significant interaction between both signaling systems was also demonstrated as in vivo blockage of NOS activity with N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) resulted in a significant reduction in HO expression and activity levels, while an increase in NOS activity was observed when HO was inhibited by Sn-protoporphyrin IX (Sn-PPIX). As both NOS and HO activities have been previously involved in the modulation of adrenal steroidogenesis, we investigated the participation of these signaling systems in the adrenal response to LPS. Our results showed that acute stimulation of steroid production by ACTH was significantly increased when either NOS or HO activities were inhibited. We conclude that adrenal NOS and HO can be induced by a non-lethal dose of endotoxin supporting a modulatory role for these activities in the adrenal response to immune challenges.