Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 2 of 2 items for

  • Author: T Kawane x
  • Refine by Access: All content x
Clear All Modify Search
Free access

N Akeno, A Matsunuma, T Maeda, T Kawane, and N Horiuchi

We investigated the effects of dexamethasone on vitamin D-1alpha-hydroxylase and -24-hydroxylase expression and on vitamin D receptor (VDR) content in the kidneys of mice fed either a normal (NCD) diet or a calcium- and vitamin D-deficient (LCD) diet for 2 weeks. For the last 5 days mice received either vehicle or dexamethasone (2 mg/kg per day s.c.). Dexamethasone significantly increased plasma calcium concentrations without changing plasma concentrations of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1,25(OH)(2)D(3)) in both NCD and LCD groups. Northern blot and enzyme activity analyses in NCD mice revealed that dexamethasone increased renal VDR mRNA expression modestly and greatly increased 24-hydroxylase mRNA abundance and enzyme activity, but did not affect 1alpha-hydroxylase mRNA abundance and enzyme activity. In mice fed an LCD diet, dexamethasone increased renal VDR mRNA expression 1.5-fold, decreased 1alpha-hydroxylase mRNA abundance (52%) and activity (34%), and markedly increased 24-hydroxylase mRNA abundance (16-fold) and enzyme activity (9-fold). Dexamethasone treatment did not alter functional VDR number (B(max) 125-141 fmol/mg protein) or ligand affinity (K(d) 0.13-0.10 nM) in LCD mice. Subcutaneous injections of 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) (0.24 nmol/kg per day for 5 days) into NCD mice strongly increased renal 24-hydroxylase mRNA abundance and enzyme activity, while there was no effect of dexamethasone on renal 24-hydroxylase expression in these mice. This may be due to overwhelming induction of 24-hydroxylase by 1,25(OH)(2)D(3). These findings suggest that glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis is caused by direct action of the steroids on bone, and the regulatory effect of glucocorticoids on renal 25-hydroxyvitamin D(3) metabolism may be less implicated in the initiation and progression of the disease.

Free access

T Kawane, J Mimura, T Yanagawa, Y Fujii-Kuriyama, and N Horiuchi

Parathyroid hormone (PTH) regulates osteoblast function via a G protein-linked PTH/PTH-related protein (PTHrP) receptor. We have studied the mechanisms of PTH/PTHrP receptor gene repression by PTH in UMR-106 osteoblast-like cells. Inhibition of PTH/PTHrP receptor mRNA expression by rat (r) PTH(1-34) and Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) at 10(-7)M was significant at 1 h and 3 h, and maximal at 2 h and 6 h. A maximal decrease in receptor mRNA abundance by rPTH(1-34) and IGF-I was maintained for 24 h. Inhibition of receptor gene expression by rPTH(1-34) was mimicked in UMR-106 cells by the addition of forskolin (an adenylyl cyclase activator), or 8-(4-chlorophenylthio)-adenine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (8-pCPTcAMP; a cAMP analogue). Although H89, a selective protein kinase A (PKA) inhibitor, completely inhibited PKA activity stimulated by rPTH(1-34), forskolin or 8-pCPTcAMP, suppression of PTH/PTHrP receptor mRNA synthesis induced by these substances in UMR-106 cells was not affected by H89. In primary osteoblast cultures, rPTH(1-34) inhibited synthesis of PTH/PTHrP receptor mRNA irrespective of H89. The down-regulation effect of rPTH(1-34) was also unaltered by PD98059 (an extracellularly regulated kinase 1/2 mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway inhibitor). Pretreatment with cycloheximide, a protein synthesis inhibitor, did not alter the inhibition of PTH/PTHrP receptor mRNA expression by rPTH(1-34), indicating that receptor mRNA suppression does not require new protein synthesis. Transcriptional activation of PTH/PTHrP receptor gene promoter (U3P or U4P)-luciferase constructs was decreased by rPTH(1-34), forskolin and 8-pCPTcAMP irrespective of H89. Thus, PTH transcriptionally down-regulates PTH/PTHrP receptor gene expression in osteoblast-like cells via a cAMP-dependent, PKA-independent pathway.