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  • Author: Wenjing Wu x
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Wenjing Wu, Jiayao Fu, Yijing Gu, Yu Wei, Pengfei Ma and Junhua Wu

Emerging evidence has indicated that estrogen deficiency contributes to osteoporosis by affecting the level of inflammation. The inflammation microenvironment affects many cellular physiological processes, one of which may be cellular senescence according to previous studies. Senescent cells cannot function normally and secrete inflammatory cytokines and degradative proteins, which are referred to as senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP) factors, inducing further senescence and inflammation. Thus, stopping this vicious cycle may be helpful for postmenopausal osteoporosis treatment. Here, we used ovariectomized (OVX) mice as an estrogen-deficient model and confirmed that OVX bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) displayed a senescent phenotype and upregulated SASP factor secretion both in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, JAK2/STAT3, an important cytokine secretion-related signaling pathway that is associated with SASP secretion, was activated. Estrogen addition and estrogen receptor blockade confirmed that the JAK2/STAT3 axis participated in OVX BMSC senescence by mediating SASP factors. And JAK inhibition reduced SASP factor expression, alleviated senescence and enhanced osteogenic differentiation. Intraperitoneal injection of a JAK inhibitor, ruxolitinib, prevented bone loss in OVX mice. Collectively, our results revealed that JAK2/STAT3 plays an important role in the inflammation-senescence-SASP feedback loop in OVX BMSCs and that JAK inhibition could be a new method for treating postmenopausal osteoporosis.