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Shaodong Guo

the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus, which currently afflicts 22 million Americans and over 100 million Chinese ( Alberti et al . 2005 , Cornier et al . 2008 , Roger et al . 2011 ). Importantly, metabolic syndrome is also a significant

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Dan Li, Yan Ji, Chunlan Zhao, Yapeng Yao, Anlan Yang, Honghong Jin, Yang Chen, Mingjun San, Jing Zhang, Mingjiao Zhang, Luqing Zhang, Xuechao Feng and Yaowu Zheng

-folds in kidney ( P  = 0.0006) but not in WAT ( Fig. 1C ). Figure 1 Overexpression of OXTR and localization during mammary gland development. Total RNA and protein were isolated from mammary gland (4rd pair), ovary, uterus, brain, heart, kidney and

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Andrea C Wilson, M Shahriar Salamat, Ryan J Haasl, Kelly M Roche, Anjali Karande, Sivan Vadakkadath Meethal, Ei Terasawa, Richard L Bowen and Craig S Atwood

supported by the findings that (1) mRNA for LH has been localized to pyramidal neurons of the cerebral cortex and hippocampus of the aging rat brain ( Lee et al. 2004 ), (2) GnRH receptor I (GnRHR I) is localized to extrapituitary cells in the rodent brain

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Masaki Kakeyama, Hideko Sone and Chiharu Tohyama

. 2003 , Odum et al . 2004 , Pinyerd & Zipf 2005 ). On the other hand, peripheral precocious puberty, which is typically observed as early genital and somatic development, occurs independent of brain maturation ( Mitsushima et al . 2003 ), but is not

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Bettina A Ikenasio-Thorpe, Bernhard H Breier, Mark H Vickers and Mhoyra Fraser

, with no change in food intake. This suggests that exposure to high-fat nutrition determines susceptibility to obesity development, via mechanisms independent of increased food intake. Decreased transport of leptin into the brain has been suggested as

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William L Dees, Jill K Hiney and Vinod K Srivastava

development and reproduction ( Boyer et al . 1942 , Smith et al . 1944 ), thus, further suggesting this element plays a role in reproductive function. It is well known that Mn crosses the blood–brain barrier by binding to transport systems such as

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Dimitri Novitzky and David K C Cooper

-induced changes in thyroid hormones. Table 1 Conditions in which the euthyroid sick syndrome (ESS) has been described a Acute myocardial infarction, post-cardiac arrest, and low cardiac output related to myocardial dysfunction Autoimmune diseases Brain injury and

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Michele O Wilson, Bryony A McNeill, Graham K Barrell, Timothy C R Prickett and Eric A Espiner

D Hida B Guidone G Speth R Michurina T Enikolopov G Middendorff R 2009 Expression of guanylyl cyclase (GC)-A and GC-B during brain development: evidence for a role of GC-B in perinatal neurogenesis . Endocrinology 150

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Zhihao Liu, Fengrui Wu, Baowei Jiao, Xiuyue Zhang, Chongjiang Hu, Baofeng Huang, Linyan Zhou, Xigui Huang, Zhijian Wang, Yaoguang Zhang, Yoshitaka Nagahama, Christopher H K Cheng and Deshou Wang

Cyp19b mRNA in Southern catfish, strongly suggest that these genes are involved in Southern catfish ovarian differentiation and development. Furthermore, the down-regulation of Foxl2 and Cyp19b in the brain of the F and/or TAM treatment groups

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Cun Li, Thomas J McDonald, Guoyao Wu, Mark J Nijland and Peter W Nathanielsz

both the practical difficulties involved in studying the fetal rodent brain and the likelihood that the majority of perinatal development in this hypothalamic system in rodents is postnatal and therefore fetal studies may not be informative. In contrast