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Candida N Perera, Hwei G Chin, Nadire Duru and Ignacio G Camarillo

2002 Connective tissue growth factor increased by hypoxia may initiate angiogenesis in collaboration with matrix metalloproteinases . Carcinogenesis 23 769 – 776 . Laud K Gourdou I Belair L Keisler DH Djiane J 1999 Detection and

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Alfonso Saera-Vila, Josep Alvar Calduch-Giner and Jaume Pérez-Sánchez

punctatus ). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A. Molecular and Integrative Physiology 139 317 –323. Prabhakar NR 2001 Physiological and genomic consequences of intermittent hypoxia: invited review

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David A Baltzegar, Benjamin J Reading, Jonathon D Douros and Russell J Borski

hyperglycemia ( Fig. 2 A), suggest that tilapia leptin A functions in the mobilization of glucose to meet the energy demands of SW adaptation and possibly other catabolic stressors, such as fasting and hypoxia ( Bernier et al . 2012 , Gorissen et al . 2012

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Yun-Ju Chen, Pei-Wen Hsiao, Ming-Ting Lee, J Ian Mason, Ferng-Chun Ke and Jiuan-Jiuan Hwang

, Park et al. 2005 ). In addition, FSH enhances hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) activity through PI3K/Akt-dependent activation of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), and HIF-1 activity is necessary for upregulation of FSH target genes, such as

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Janne Jensen, Elisabeth D Galsgaard, Allan E Karlsen, Ying C Lee and Jens H Nielsen

Lentivirus-mediated Bcl-2 expression in betaTC-tet cells improves resistance to hypoxia and cytokine-induced apoptosis while preserving in vitro and in vivo control of insulin secretion. Gene Therapy 6 1160 –1169. Eizirik

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Sivaporn Sivasinprasasn, Siripong Palee, Kenneth Chattipakorn, Thidarat Jaiwongkum, Nattayaporn Apaijai, Wasana Pratchayasakul, Siriporn C Chattipakorn and Nipon Chattipakorn

was reduced in these groups. Cardiac Cx43 is an important protein that plays a role in the cell-to-cell traffic in the myocardium. Prolonged myocardial hypoxia/ischemia reduced Cx43 expression, which caused an abrupt communication between the ischemic

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Audrey Lamirand, Martine Ramaugé, Michel Pierre and Françoise Courtin

inflammation ( Lucas et al . 2006 ). D2 in rat cultured astrocytes is regulated by multiple factors including selenium, thyroid hormone, cAMP, phorbol ester tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA), growth factors, glucocorticoids, TSH, hypoxia, and oxidant

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Alfhild Grönbladh, Jenny Johansson, Anatole Nöstl, Fred Nyberg and Mathias Hallberg

rats ( Li et al . 2011 a ), and in a model with hypoxia GH was able to attenuate deficits in spatial learning ( Li et al . 2011 b ). We have recently demonstrated that GH may improve spatial performance in hypophysectomized rats using the Morris water

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Marta Toral, Rosario Jimenez, Sebastián Montoro-Molina, Miguel Romero, Rosemary Wangensteen, Juan Duarte and Félix Vargas

1995 Hypoxia inhibits L-arginine uptake by pulmonary artery endothelial cells . American Journal of Physiology 269 L574 – L580 . ( https://doi.org/10.1152/ajplung.1995.269.5.L574 ) 10.1152/ajplung.1995.269.5.L574) Bogle RG Coade SB Moncada S

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Ji-Eun Kim, Seung Eun Song, Yong-Woon Kim, Jong-Yeon Kim, Sung-Chul Park, Yoon-Ki Park, Suk-Hwan Baek, In Kyu Lee and So-Young Park

pathways have been reported as possible candidates. AMPK is a serine/threonine protein kinase, which was first identified as an energy sensor that responds to reduced energy state such as glucose deprivation, hypoxia, and ischemia ( Hardie 2003 ). Once