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Joachim Wistuba, Jens Mittag, C Marc Luetjens, Trevor G Cooper, Ching-Hei Yeung, Eberhard Nieschlag and Karl Bauer

. Bernal J 2005 Thyroid hormones and brain development. Vitamins and Hormones 71 95 –122. Bouchard M , Souabni A & Busslinger M 2004 Tissue-specific expression of cre recombinase from the Pax8 locus. Genesis 38

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Dong-Xu Han, Chang-Jiang Wang, Xu-Lei Sun, Jian-Bo Liu, Hao Jiang, Yan Gao, Cheng-Zhen Chen, Bao Yuan and Jia-Bao Zhang

brain development ( Veno et al. 2015 ). In a previous study, a highly expressed circRNA in the human and mouse brain was identified ( Hansen et al. 2011 ), and the well-known circular, testis-specific sex-determining region Y (Sry) RNA (Sry circRNA

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Allison R Foilb, Patina Lui and Russell D Romeo

A Castellanos JM 1984 Effect of acute and chronic stress on testosterone secretion in male rats . Journal of Endocrinological Investigation 7 659 – 661 . Andersen SL 2003 Trajectories of brain development: point of vulnerability or

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Clare M Reynolds and Mark H Vickers

the time of weaning. These elevations in leptin concentrations in early life are proposed to play a role in brain development ( Bouret & Simerly 2007 , Udagawa et al. 2007 ) whereby leptin acts as a potent neurotrophic factor that coordinates the

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A J Forhead and A L Fowden

immediately at birth. The important role of thyroid hormones in brain development is not considered here as this has been reviewed extensively in recent years ( Horn & Heuer 2010 , Patel et al . 2011 , Puig-Domingo & Vila 2013 , Stenzel & Huttner 2013

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Leonie A M Welberg, K V Thrivikraman and Paul M Plotsky

time of rapid brain development may be a major factor ( Welberg & Seckl 2001 ). Indeed, exposing pregnant rats to the synthetic glucocorticoid dexamethasone results in offspring with a hyperactive HPA axis and elevated CRF expression in the amygdala

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Sean C Lema, Jon T Dickey, Irvin R Schultz and Penny Swanson

Introduction The hypothalamic–pituitary–thyroid (HPT) axis regulates metabolism and growth, reproduction, and brain development in vertebrates. Similarly, in fish, thyroid hormones (THs) have been demonstrated to regulate growth ( Huang et al

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Ellen Kanitz, Winfried Otten and Margret Tuchscherer

shown around gestational day 77 ( Schwerin et al. 2005 ), at present, data on GR development and maturation in pigs are not available. However, a related time course of brain development in pigs and guinea pigs is assumed because of similarities in

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J Svensson, M Diez, J Engel, C Wass, Å Tivesten, J-O Jansson, O Isaksson, T Archer, T Hökfelt and C Ohlsson

important for the development of the brain, and to definitely confirm that there was no interference with brain development, the LI-IGF-I −/− mice aged 18 months at the water maze trials were inactivated at 10 weeks of age. Seven days after the

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Alberto Loizzo, Santi M Spampinato, Gabriele Campana, Stefano Vella, Andrea Fortuna, Loredana Costa, Anna Capasso, Palmiero Monteleone, Paolo Renzi and Stefano Loizzo

Nonnis E Crocioni F Gregori P Rosini MP Leuzzi V Loizzo A 1996 Evolution of daytime quiet sleep components in early treated phenylketonuric infants . Brain & Development 18 201 – 206 . ( doi:10.1016/0387-7604(96)00005-8 ) DIAbetes