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Ishita Bakshi, Eurwin Suryana, Lewin Small, Lake-Ee Quek, Amanda E Brandon, Nigel Turner and Gregory J Cooney

these rats was stripped into white and red and were then incubated with radiolabelled glucose and 2-deoxy glucose to study glucose metabolism under basal conditions. Control leg EDL muscle strips had an average FBPase activity of 0.21 µmol/min/g of

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Tetsuya Kouno, Nobuteru Akiyama, Takahito Ito, Tomohiko Okuda, Isamu Nanchi, Mitsuru Notoya, Shogo Oka and Hideo Yukioka

diet did not show significant improvement in glucose metabolism compared to WT mice ( Fig. 5 A and C), glucose concentration was considerably reduced in GOAT KO mice fed sucrose-rich HF and MCT diets ( Fig. 5 E and G). In addition, plasma insulin

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K J Oldknow, V E MacRae and C Farquharson

osteoblast IR and respond to isoproterenol treatment similarly to OST–PTP ( Hinoi et al . 2008 ) is T-cell PTP. This finding further supports the notion that bone is involved in the regulation of glucose metabolism, increasing our understanding of the

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Victoria Diedrich, Elena Haugg, Carola Dreier and Annika Herwig

potential acute regulatory signals for the expression of spontaneous daily torpor and again differentiate long-term seasonal adaptations of glucose metabolism from acute changes in glucose availability that challenge the hamsters’ energy balance on a daily

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B Maiztegui, M I Borelli, M L Massa, H Del Zotto and J J Gagliardino

glucokinase (GK) activity, together with a marked increase of glucose metabolism in response to glucose ( Massa et al. 2001 ). It was not clear, however, whether the changes recorded in HK activity were accompanied by parallel changes in the transcription

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Odelia Katz, Matthew Stuible, Nathalia Golishevski, Lilach Lifshitz, Michel L Tremblay, Max Gassmann, Moshe Mittelman and Drorit Neumann

respect, we have been attracted by the reports of EPO effects on glucose metabolism in hemodialysis patients ( Borissova et al . 1993 , Allegra et al . 1996 ), which are associated with elevated insulin sensitivity ( Spaia et al . 2000 , Tuzcu et al

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Ivonne Gisèle Makom Ndifossap, Francesca Frigerio, Marina Casimir, Florence Ngueguim Tsofack, Etienne Dongo, Pierre Kamtchouing, Théophile Dimo and Pierre Maechler

. Aqueous extracts of S. birrea stem-bark were found to promote glucose metabolism and insulin secretion, demonstrating for the first time direct effects of S. birrea on insulin-secreting cells. Materials and Methods Preparation of plant extract Fresh

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K Eerola, P Rinne, A M Penttinen, L Vähätalo, M Savontaus and E Savontaus

improves glucose metabolism ( McMinn et al . 2000 , Obici et al . 2001 , Petervari et al . 2011 ). In the long term, melanocortin activation leads to reduced body weight and improved glucose tolerance in obese animal models ( Savontaus et al . 2004

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Firoozeh Salehzadeh, Anna Rune, Megan Osler and Lubna Al-Khalili

17β-estradiol (E 2 ) has no effect. Thus, testosterone and E 2 have differential effects on glucose metabolism in skeletal muscle ( Ramamani et al . 1999 ). In addition to the role of sex hormones in glucose metabolism, these mediators also play a

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Hasan Kulaksiz, Evelyn Fein, Peter Redecker, Wolfgang Stremmel, Guido Adler and Yalcin Cetin

, Pietrangelo 2004 , Beutler 2006 ) and the association of hepcidin mutations with severe juvenile hemochromatosis ( Roetto et al . 2003 ). It has been repeatedly reported that iron influences glucose metabolism, which in turn affects iron metabolic pathways