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Tessa J Roseboom

psychological stressors in adults after prenatal exposure to the Dutch famine . Journal of Hypertension 24 . ( ) Painter RC de Rooij SR Roseboom TJ Simmers TA Osmond C Barker DJ Bleker OP

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Luba Sominsky, Christine L Jasoni, Hannah R Twigg and Sarah J Spencer

are hypo-responsive to stress, having low circulating corticosterone and suppressed ACTH and corticosterone responses to mild psychological stress or immune challenge ( Schmidt et al . 2006 ). This effect is likely one that is maintained by the

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William H James

-selective spontaneous fetal wastage. Evidence has been put forward against these conclusions. It may readily be conceded that some sex ratio variation is due to sex-selective foetal and embryonic wastage (as, e.g. with glucose ( Gutierrez-Adan 2001 ) and psychological

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John-Paul Fuller-Jackson and Belinda A Henry

, HR individuals display preference for foods of high fat and sugar in response to psychological stress ( Tomiyama et al . 2011 ). Similarly, in ewes, baseline food intake is similar in LR and HR, but HR eat more following either psychosocial (barking

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Marian Joëls and E Ronald de Kloet

differentially . Brain Research 103 603 – 612 . ( doi:10.1016/0006-8993(76)90463-7 ) Gesing A Bilang-Bleuel A Droste SK Linthorst AC Holsboer F Reul JMHM 2001 Psychological stress increases hippocampal mineralocorticoid receptor

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Anne-Marie O'Carroll, Stephen J Lolait, Louise E Harris and George R Pope

some acute stressors including LPS challenge (an immune stressor), insulin-induced hypoglycaemia (a metabolic stressor) and forced swim (a physical/psychological stressor) ( Newson et al . 2013 ). These studies suggest that other peptides cannot

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Ferran Jardí, Michaël R Laurent, Vanessa Dubois, Nari Kim, Rougin Khalil, Brigitte Decallonne, Dirk Vanderschueren and Frank Claessens

volitional activity, and therefore do not include preclinical studies using forced exercise capacity tests. Forced treadmill running or swimming require the use of aversive stimuli to motivate the animals, thus inducing a substantial psychological stress