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K Katoh, M Yoshida, Y Kobayashi, M Onodera, K Kogusa and Y Obara

Stimulation of glycolysis and accumulation of a stimulator of phosphofructokinase in hepatocytes incubated with vasopressin. Biochemical Journal 194 1023 –1026. Ishiwata H , Nagano M, Sasaki Y, Chen C & Katoh K 2000 Short

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Shou-Si Lu, Yun-Li Yu, Hao-Jie Zhu, Xiao-Dong Liu, Li Liu, Yao-Wu Liu, Ping Wang, Lin Xie and Guang-Ji Wang

induction of glycolysis . American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism 8 456 – 459 . Yu S Pang XY Deng YX Liu L Liu XD 2007 A sensitive and specific liquid chromatography mass spectrometry method for simultaneous

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Nele Friedrich

metabolites involved in the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle. The TCA cycle is an amphibolic pathway that occurs in the inner mitochondrial membrane and plays an important role in energy metabolism. The final products of fatty acid degradation and glycolysis are

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Kimberley C W Wang, Kimberley J Botting, Song Zhang, I Caroline McMillen, Doug A Brooks and Janna L Morrison

energy metabolism, with ATP production being derived mainly from anaerobic glycolysis ( Lopaschuk et al . 1991 ). Akt mainly regulates glucose transporter (GLUT)-1 gene expression ( Fig. 4 ), particularly by Akt-dependent activation of mTOR complex 1

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Derek Ball

trade-off between the power to produce ATP and the capacity for ATP resynthesis. The balance between substrate level phosphorylation (glycolysis) and oxidative phosphorylation (pyruvate and fatty acyl-CoA utilisation) is in part determined by the match

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Ivan Quesada, Eva Tudurí, Cristina Ripoll and Ángel Nadal

anaerobic glycolysis ( Schuit et al . 1997 , Quesada et al . 2006 a ). This lower coupling between glycolytic events in the cytosol and ATP synthesis in mitochondrial respiration of α-cells would explain the fact that, in response to glucose, cytosolic

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Rhonda D Prisby

mass within the cell is high and the formation of osteoclasts correlates to elevated rates of oxidative phosphorylation, as reviewed by Lemma and coworkers (2016) . Yet, during bone resorption, glycolysis is the predominant pathway ( Lemma et al

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Zoi Michailidou, Anthony P Coll, Christopher J Kenyon, Nicholas M Morton, Stephen O’Rahilly, Jonathan R Seckl and Karen E Chapman

hybridization study. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 87 2701 –2705. Pilkis SJ & Granner DK 1992 Molecular physiology of the regulation of hepatic gluconeogenesis and glycolysis. Annual Review of Physiology

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Lili Guo, Penghua Fang, Mei Yu, Mingyi Shi, Ping Bo and Zhenwen Zhang

cells and metabolized further as it lacks the necessary 2-hydroxyl group for glycolysis. Therefore, these features made the distribution of trapped 2-NBDG through glucose transporters a good reflection of cellular glucose uptake and an assessment of

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Tatiana Dorfman, Yulia Pollak, Rima Sohotnik, Arnold G Coran, Jacob Bejar and Igor Sukhotnik

lowering blood glucose levels. In recent clinical trials, enhanced proliferation, accompanied by increased aerobic glycolysis, was detected in colorectal epithelium of patients with diabetes and was correlated with β-catenin accumulation ( Li et al . 2014