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M J Vazquez, I Velasco and M Tena-Sempere

puberty involves a variety of developmental changes, from psychological to somatic, a hallmark of puberty is the complete activation of the gonadal axis ( Avendano et al. 2017 ). This is the result of the sequential awakening of the different elements of

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Han Yan, Matthew Mitschelen, Georgina V Bixler, Robert M Brucklacher, Julie A Farley, Song Han, Willard M Freeman and William E Sonntag

reduce oxidative stress and/or inflammation in the vascular endothelial cell ( Csiszar et al . 2008 ) and smooth muscle cell ( Higashi et al . 2010 ). In this study, we found numerous genes related to vascular function were increased by GH treatment

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Robert T Chatterton Jr, JoAnne Zujewski, Esnar T Mateo, Jennifer Eng-Wong and V Craig Jordan

1997 Hormonal responses to psychological stress in men preparing for skydiving. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 82 2503 –2509. Chatterton R , Mateo ET, Hou N, Rademaker AF, Acharya S, Jordan VC & Morrow

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Clare F Hodkinson, Ellen E A Simpson, John H Beattie, Jacqueline M O'Connor, David J Campbell, J J Strain and Julie M W Wallace

environmental stimuli and stress-mediated immunosuppression ( Davis 1998 , Dorshkind & Horseman 2000 , Dorshkind & Horsemanelson 2001 ). Total triiodothyronine (T 3 ) is able to modulate immune function via nuclear receptors (TRs) to regulate target genes, and

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Nathanael J Yates, Dijana Tesic, Kirk W Feindel, Jeremy T Smith, Michael W Clarke, Celeste Wale, Rachael C Crew, Michaela D Wharfe, Andrew J O Whitehouse and Caitlin S Wyrwoll

standard testing days (days 1–3) and following restraint stress (days 4 and 5), (F) total distance travelled and G) centre/periphery exploration time ratio. While exploration of the elevated plus maze could not be assessed, grooming behaviour was scored

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F Aréchiga-Ceballos, E Alvarez-Salas, G Matamoros-Trejo, M I Amaya, C García-Luna and P de Gortari

psychological stress are attenuated in male rats made lean by large litter rearing . Psychoneuroendocrinology 36 1080 – 1091 . ( doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2011.01.006 ) Cetin I Morpurgo PS Radaelli T Taricco E Cortelazzi D Bellotti M Pardi G Beck

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Jacob H Hollis, Stafford L Lightman and Christopher A Lowry

stem. Experientia 20 398 –399. Dayas CV , Buller KM, Crane JW, Xu Y & Day TA 2001 Stressor categorization: acute physical and psychological stressors elicit distinctive recruitment patterns in the amygdala and in

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Michael Mangubat, Kabirullah Lutfy, Martin L Lee, Laura Pulido, David Stout, Richard Davis, Chang-Sung Shin, Meghdi Shahbazian, Stephen Seasholtz, Amiya Sinha-Hikim, Indrani Sinha-Hikim, Laura E O'Dell, Alexei Lyzlov, Yanjun Liu and Theodore C Friedman

, accelerating the aging process via increasing oxidative stress and inflammation ( Valdes et al . 2005 ). Both smoking and consumption of an HFD are risk factors for insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes, and the two habits together can increase the risk of

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Charlotte Lawson, Jose M Vicencio, Derek M Yellon and Sean M Davidson

adjacent photoreceptors, protecting them from oxidative stress ( Sreekumar et al . 2010 ). In a seminal paper, Valadi et al . (2007) , were first to show that exosomes can also transfer mRNA and miRNA between cells. In this study, mast cells were

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Hong-Zhi Sun, Tong-Wei Yang, Wei-Jin Zang and Shu-Fang Wu

well known that the NFKB pathway plays an important role in the control of cell growth, differentiation, apoptosis, inflammation, stress response, and many other physiological processes in cellular signaling. The NFKB signaling pathway is also involved