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Majdi Masarwi, Raanan Shamir, Moshe Phillip, and Galia Gat-Yablonski

cartilage template is formed by condensed mesenchymal cells and later replaced by bone tissue. The process of endochondral ossification starts with the axial proliferation of resting early chondrocytes located at the most epiphyseal end of the growth plate

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Patricia Forcinito, Anenisia C Andrade, Gabriela P Finkielstain, Jeffrey Baron, Ola Nilsson, and Julian C Lui

Introduction Mammalian body length is primarily determined by longitudinal bone growth that occurs at the growth plate, which is a thin layer of cartilage found near the ends of long bones. The process of longitudinal bone growth occurs by

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Lenneke Schrier, Sandra P Ferns, Kevin M Barnes, Joyce A M Emons, Eric I Newman, Ola Nilsson, and Jeffrey Baron

the proliferation rate of growth plate chondrocytes. These functional senescent changes are accompanied by structural senescent changes. There is a gradual decline in the overall growth plate height, proliferative zone height, hypertrophic zone height

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Ola Nilsson, Robert D Mitchum Jr, Lenneke Schrier, Sandra P Ferns, Kevin M Barnes, James F Troendle, and Jeffrey Baron

proliferation in the growth plates. With age, this proliferation slows down, causing longitudinal bone growth to slow and eventually stop ( Walker & Kember 1972 ). Also with increasing age, the growth plate undergoes structural changes including a decrease in

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E A Parker, A Hegde, M Buckley, K M Barnes, J Baron, and O Nilsson

Introduction The mammalian growth plate is a specialized cartilaginous structure at which longitudinal bone growth occurs. The growth plate is organized into three zones, the resting zone (RZ), the proliferative zone (PZ), and the

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Rosa Chung, Bruce K Foster, and Cory J Xian

Introduction The growth plate cartilage is responsible for achieving the longitudinal growth of long bones. Being a cartilage scaffold, the growth plate remains the weakest part of a long bone and hence prone to injury ( Mizuta et al . 1987

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Joyce Emons, Andrei S Chagin, Torun Malmlöf, Magnus Lekman, Åsa Tivesten, Claes Ohlsson, Jan M Wit, Marcel Karperien, and Lars Sävendahl

Introduction Longitudinal growth occurs at the epiphyseal plate, a thin layer of cartilage entrapped between epiphyseal and metaphyseal bones, at the distal ends of the long bones ( Kronenberg 2003 ). In the growth plate, immature cells lie toward

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Ola Nilsson, Elizabeth A Parker, Anita Hegde, Michael Chau, Kevin M Barnes, and Jeffrey Baron

Introduction In mammals, longitudinal bone growth occurs primarily at the growth plate. The growth plate contains chondrocytes spatially organized in three distinct zones according to defined stages of differentiation. The resting

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Lin-Yu Jin, Zhen-Dong Lv, Xin-Jin Su, Shuai Xu, Hai-Ying Liu, and Xin-Feng Li

Introduction The formation and growth of the axial and appendicular skeleton depend strictly on endochondral formation, which is initiated in the fetal stage and continues to adolescence ( Kronenberg 2003 ). The growth plate (GP) is located

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Julian C Lui

cartilage structures of different functions: the articular cartilage, which covers the end of bones to provide a smooth and lubricated surface at the joint; and the epiphyseal growth plate, where endochondral ossification continues to drive bone growth in