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Taylor Landry, Daniel Shookster, Alec Chaves, Katrina Free, Tony Nguyen, and Hu Huang

. 1996 , Ebrahimi et al. 2013 , Hagobian et al. 2013 ), possibly due to menstrual cycle-dependent fluctuations in metabolic hormones in females. Specifically, plasma glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) and insulin concentrations are lower and peptide YY

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Yuriko Kitajima and Yusuke Ono

caused by a variety of factors such as menopause, surgical ovariectomy, and chemotherapy. In females, insufficient energy intake leads to body weight loss that also causes hypoestrogenic menstrual abnormalities. The female athlete triad, low energy

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Saniya Rattan, Changqing Zhou, Catheryne Chiang, Sharada Mahalingam, Emily Brehm, and Jodi A Flaws

metabolism of hormones ( Sweeney 2002 , Sanderson 2006 ). EDCs have been shown to disrupt female fertility in a wide range of species including humans ( Figs 1 and 2 ) ( Woodruff & Walker 2008 , Patel et al . 2015 ). Multiple recent reviews have

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C M Gomes, C Raineki, P Ramos de Paula, G S Severino, C V V Helena, J A Anselmo-Franci, C R Franci, G L Sanvitto, and A B Lucion

. 2004 ). Besides the decreased behavioral inhibition in novel and averse environments, previous study showed that daily handling of the offspring during the first 10 days of life reduced the sexual behavior of male and female rats ( Padoin et al

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María Cecilia Ramirez, Guillermina María Luque, Ana María Ornstein, and Damasia Becu-Villalobos

Introduction Abnormal exposure to steroid hormones within a critical developmental period elicits various permanent alterations in female reproductive physiology in rodents ( Dorner 1981 ). The effects of neonatal androgens, estrogens, and endocrine

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Adam C Guzzo, Tyler Pollock, and Denys deCatanzaro

Introduction Conspecifics' excretions can impact mammalian females' reproductive state in many ways. Male excretions can accelerate female sexual development ( Vandenbergh 1967 , Harder & Jackson 2003 ), terminate pregnancies sired by other males

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Hiroyuki Enomoto, Kinuyo Iwata, Keisuke Matsumoto, Mai Otsuka, Akio Morita, and Hitoshi Ozawa

studies have investigated diabetic female rats. The number of kisspeptin-, NKB-, and Dyn-ir cells in the ARC remained unchanged in female rats with diabetes induced by both STZ and HFD ( Ziarniak et al. 2018 ). In another report, the number of Dyn

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Renato Simões Gaspar, Renata Ohana Alves Benevides, João Lucas de Lima Fontelles, Caroline Castro Vale, Lucas Martins França, Paulo de Tarso Silva Barros, and Antonio Marcus de Andrade Paes

). The association between MetS risk factors, especially obesity and insulin resistance, and ovarian dysfunction has been reported in female mice ( Wu et al . 2014 b ), rats ( Sanchez-Garrido et al . 2015 ), and mini pigs ( Newell-Fugate et al . 2014

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Xiaonan Yan, Xiaonan Dai, Jing Wang, Nannan Zhao, Yugui Cui, and Jiayin Liu

) and the first-degree female relatives of women with PCOS are at a high risk of developing PCOS ( Kahsar-Miller et al . 2001 , Sir-Petermann et al . 2007 ), suggesting an interaction between genetic susceptibility and the influence of the maternal

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Alpha Dian-Yu Lin, Anita Mannikarottu, Barry A Kogan, Catherine Whitbeck, Paul Chichester, Robert E Leggett, and Robert M Levin

Animals Twenty-four female New Zealand White female rabbits were separated into six groups of four rabbits each. Group 1 served as controls. Groups 2–6 were ovariectomized. Two weeks after ovariectomy (Ovx), groups 3–6 were given 17-β estradiol