Downregulation of adrenal atrial natriuretic peptide receptor mRNAs and proteins by pregnancy in rats

in Journal of Endocrinology
Restricted access

The main objective of this study was to find out if the reported changes in the aldosterone-suppressant activity of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) during different hormonal states in rats are due to a modulation of ANP receptors. In zona glomerulosa cells, ribonuclease protection assay detected mRNAs for guanylate cyclase (GC)-coupled ANP GC-A and GC-B receptors, and for ANP C receptors, which are not coupled to GC. Western analysis using polyclonal anti-GC-A and anti-GC-B receptor antibodies revealed the presence of GC-A but not GC-B receptor proteins in zona glomerulosa cells. Pregnancy (days 7, 16 and 21), oestradiol-17 beta and progesterone decreased mRNAs for all the three ANP receptors in zona glomerulosa cells. Pregnancy decreased GC-A receptor proteins in zona glomerulosa cells, but these recovered to virgin values on day 2 postpartum. ANP receptor mRNAs in zona glomerulosa cells increased by postpartum day 2, but did not reach the values found in virgin rats. Zona fasciculata mainly contained GC-A receptor mRNA. It is concluded that ANP receptors in rat adrenal zona glomerulosa are modulated by pregnancy, oestrogen and progesterone; a decrease in ANP GC-A receptors during pregnancy might explain the accompanying decrease in the aldosterone-suppressant effects of ANP.

 

      Society for Endocrinology

Sept 2018 onwards Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 226 107 4
Full Text Views 38 1 0
PDF Downloads 25 0 0