Regulation of prolactin secretion by alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid receptors in male rats

in Journal of Endocrinology

The secretion of PRL is controlled by different hypothalamic signals. Depending on the experimental model, PRL secretion increases or decreases after activation of N-methyl-d -aspartic acid and kainate receptors. Recently we have described that activation of alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid (AMPA) receptors inhibits PRL secretion in prepubertal male rats. The aim of present study was to examine (1) the physiological relevance of this finding, (2) the possible age-related changes observed after activation or blockade of AMPA receptors, (3) the specificity of the AMPA effect, (4) the hypothalamic and/or pituitary localization of AMPA action, and (5) the mechanism(s) of action of AMPA agonists. In a first set of experiments, neonatal males (5 and 10 days old) and prepubertal (23 days old) male rats were injected with AMPA (1, 2.5 or 5 mg/kg) or the antagonist of AMPA receptors 1,2,3, 4-tetrahydro-6-nitro-2,3-dioxo-! benzo (f) quinoxaline-7-sulfonamide (NBQX; 0.25 or 0.50 mg/kg). Serum PRL concentrations decreased significantly 15 and 30 min after i.p. administration of AMPA in prepubertal male rats, while the inhibitory effect of AMPA was not observed in 5- and 10-day-old males. The effect of AMPA was abolished by NBQX but not by MK-801 (a selective antagonist of NMDA receptors). NBQX alone (0.25 or 0.50 mg/kg) had no effect on PRL release. In vitro, AMPA slightly stimulated PRL secretion by hemipituitaries from prepubertal males, suggesting that the hypothalamus is likely the site of action for the reported inhibitory action of AMPA on PRL release. In this sense, the blockade of AMPA effects in animals pretreated with domperidone (a dopaminergic antagonist) or alpha-methyl-p-tyrosine (an inhibitor of dopamine synthesis) suggests that an increase in the release of hypothalamic dopamine is probably the mechanism i! nvolved in the effect of AMPA. In a second set of experiments, the effects of AMPA (2.5 mg/kg i.p.) and NBQX (0.5 mg/kg i.p. and 20 or 40 nmol i.c.v.) were tested in freely moving adult male rats sampled during periods of 2, 3 or 6 h. In contrast with data obtained in prepubertal rats, neither AMPA nor NBQX affected PRL secretion. In conclusion, these data indicate that activation of AMPA receptors inhibits PRL secretion in prepubertal male rats. This effect probably involves the release of dopamine from the hypothalamus and disappears in adulthood.

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