The secretion of PYY by endocrine L cells of the terminal gut is under the control of nutrients, the autonomic nervous system and hormones. Catecholamines, and the non-specific beta-adrenergic agonist isoproterenol induce PYY secretion from rat isolated colon or ileum. Because beta3-adrenergic receptors now appear to mediate many of the effects of catecholamines in the gastrointestinal tract, we investigated the involvement of beta1-, beta2-, and beta3-adrenoceptor stimulation in PYY secretion from the isolated, vascularly perfused rat colon. Infusion of 10(-6) M isoproterenol induced a transient increase in PYY secretion (from 36+/-4 to 87+/-20 fmol/2 min; n=7, P<0.05), that was abolished by a previous infusion of the beta1- and beta2-adrenergic blocker (and partial beta3-agonist) alprenolol (10(-6) M). The beta1-adrenergic agonist dobutamine and the beta-2 agonist terbutaline also (both at 10(-5) M) significantly stimulated PYY secretion, from 29+/-1 to 79+/-12 fmol/2 min and from 19+/-1 to 73+/-13 fmol/2 min respectively (n=7, P<0.05). Neither of the beta3-adrenergic agonists tested (BRL 37 344 (10(-5), 10(-6) M) and SR 58 611A (10(-6) M)) significantly stimulated PYY secretion, thus confirming the exclusive involvement of beta1- and beta2-receptors in beta-adrenergic agonist induced hormone secretion.
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