Ghrelin, a 28 amino acid peptide, has recently been isolated from the rat stomach as an endogenous ligand for the GH secretagogue receptor. The fact that administration of ghrelin, centrally or peripherally, stimulates both food intake and GH secretion suggests that stomach ghrelin has an important role in the growth of rats. We used immunohistochemistry and radioimmunoassay to determine the age at which ghrelin-immunostained cells begin to appear in the rat stomach. Ghrelin-immunoreactive cells were found to be expressed in the fetal stomach from pregnancy day 18. The number of ghrelin-immunoreactive cells in the fetal stomach increased as the stomach grew. The amount of ghrelin in the glandular part of the rat stomach also increased, in an age-dependent manner, from the neonatal stage to adult. Eight hours of milk restriction significantly decreased the ghrelin concentration in the stomachs of 1-week-old rats, and increased the ghrelin concentration in their plasma. Administration of ghrelin to 1- and 3-week-old rats increased plasma GH concentrations. The daily subcutaneous administration of ghrelin to pregnant rats from day 15 to day 21 of pregnancy caused an increase in body weight of newborn rats. In addition, daily subcutaneous administration of ghrelin to neonatal rats from birth advanced the day of vaginal opening from day 30.7+/-0.94 to day 27.9+/-0.05. These results suggest that ghrelin may be involved in neonatal development.
Journal of Endocrinology is committed to supporting researchers in demonstrating the impact of their articles published in the journal.
The two types of article metrics we measure are (i) more traditional full-text views and pdf downloads, and (ii) Altmetric data, which shows the wider impact of articles in a range of non-traditional sources, such as social media.
More information is on the Reasons to publish page.
|Sept 2018 onwards||Past Year||Past 30 Days|
|Full Text Views||165||157||4|