Parathyroid hormone (PTH) regulates osteoblast function via a G protein-linked PTH/PTH-related protein (PTHrP) receptor. We have studied the mechanisms of PTH/PTHrP receptor gene repression by PTH in UMR-106 osteoblast-like cells. Inhibition of PTH/PTHrP receptor mRNA expression by rat (r) PTH(1-34) and Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) at 10(-7)M was significant at 1 h and 3 h, and maximal at 2 h and 6 h. A maximal decrease in receptor mRNA abundance by rPTH(1-34) and IGF-I was maintained for 24 h. Inhibition of receptor gene expression by rPTH(1-34) was mimicked in UMR-106 cells by the addition of forskolin (an adenylyl cyclase activator), or 8-(4-chlorophenylthio)-adenine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (8-pCPTcAMP; a cAMP analogue). Although H89, a selective protein kinase A (PKA) inhibitor, completely inhibited PKA activity stimulated by rPTH(1-34), forskolin or 8-pCPTcAMP, suppression of PTH/PTHrP receptor mRNA synthesis induced by these substances in UMR-106 cells was not affected by H89. In primary osteoblast cultures, rPTH(1-34) inhibited synthesis of PTH/PTHrP receptor mRNA irrespective of H89. The down-regulation effect of rPTH(1-34) was also unaltered by PD98059 (an extracellularly regulated kinase 1/2 mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway inhibitor). Pretreatment with cycloheximide, a protein synthesis inhibitor, did not alter the inhibition of PTH/PTHrP receptor mRNA expression by rPTH(1-34), indicating that receptor mRNA suppression does not require new protein synthesis. Transcriptional activation of PTH/PTHrP receptor gene promoter (U3P or U4P)-luciferase constructs was decreased by rPTH(1-34), forskolin and 8-pCPTcAMP irrespective of H89. Thus, PTH transcriptionally down-regulates PTH/PTHrP receptor gene expression in osteoblast-like cells via a cAMP-dependent, PKA-independent pathway.
Journal of Endocrinology is committed to supporting researchers in demonstrating the impact of their articles published in the journal.
The two types of article metrics we measure are (i) more traditional full-text views and pdf downloads, and (ii) Altmetric data, which shows the wider impact of articles in a range of non-traditional sources, such as social media.
More information is on the Reasons to publish page.
|Sept 2018 onwards||Past Year||Past 30 Days|
|Full Text Views||80||73||2|