We analysed the antiproliferative activity of various histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors such as trichostatin A (TSA) on human breast cancer cells. We observed a lower sensitivity to HDAC inhibition for oestrogen receptor negative (ER-) versus positive (ER+) cell lines. This differential response was associated neither with a modification of drug efflux via the multidrug resistance system nor with a global modification of histone acetyltransferase (HAT)/HDAC activities. In contrast, we demonstrated that in ER+ breast cancer cells the p21(WAF1/CIP1) gene was more sensitive to TSA regulation and was expressed at higher levels. These differences were observed both in transient transfection experiments and on the endogenous p21(WAF1/CIP1) gene. The Sp1 transcription factor, which was shown to interact in vitro with both class I and class II HDACs, is sufficient to confer the differential sensitivity to TSA and participated in the control of p21(WAF1/CIP1) basal expression. Finally, re-expression of ERalpha following adenoviral infection of ER- breast cancer cells increased both p21(WAF1/CIP1) protein accumulation and the growth inhibitory activity of TSA. Altogether, our results highlight the key role of ERalpha and p21(WAF1/CIP1) gene expression in the sensitivity of breast cancer cells to hyperacetylating agents.
Journal of Endocrinology is committed to supporting researchers in demonstrating the impact of their articles published in the journal.
The two types of article metrics we measure are (i) more traditional full-text views and pdf downloads, and (ii) Altmetric data, which shows the wider impact of articles in a range of non-traditional sources, such as social media.
More information is on the Reasons to publish page.
|Sept 2018 onwards||Past Year||Past 30 Days|
|Full Text Views||121||112||1|