The oncostatin M receptor/gp130 ligand murine oncostatin M induces apoptosis in adrenocortical Y-1 tumor cells

in Journal of Endocrinology

The effects of murine oncostatin M (mOSM) are specifically mediated by the heterodimeric oncostatin M receptor (OSMR)/gp130 receptor complex. In the current study we demonstrate that murine adrenocortical Y-1 tumor cells express the OSMR/gp130 complex. Incubation of Y-1 cells with 1 and 10 ng/ml mOSM induces cell death due to specific induction of apoptosis. Western blot analysis of Y-1 cells incubated with mOSM for 24 h revealed caspase-3 cleavage and poly(ADP-ribase) polymerase (PARP) cleavage. In a proliferation assay system, incubation of Y-1 cells with 0.01, 0.1, 1 and 10 ng/ml mOSM for 24 h resulted in a decrease in cell numbers to 99+/-2%, 84+/-9%, 50+/-7% and 43+/-5% respectively of untreated control (defined as 100%). Pretreatment of Y-1 cells with the Jak2 inhibitor AG490 (100 microM) rescued Y-1 cells from OSM-induced (10 ng/ml) cell death. Similarly, pretreatment of Y-1 cells with the general caspase inhibitor Z-VAD-FMK (42 microM) rescued Y-1 cells from OSM-induced (10 ng/ml) cell death. In summary, we show that adrenocortical Y-1 tumor cells express the OSMR/gp130 complex and that mOSM induces the Jak-STAT signaling cascade in these cells. Murine OSM in a dose-dependent manner induces apoptosis in adrenocortical Y-1 tumor cells. Apoptosis was demonstrated by caspase-3 cleavage and PARP cleavage. Rescue of Y-1 cells from mOSM-induced apoptosis by the Jak2 inhibitor, AG490, and the general caspase inhibitor, Z-VAD-FMK, demonstrates Jak activation and subsequent caspase activation to be essential for mOSM-induced apoptosis in adrenocortical Y-1 tumor cells. The putative role of OSM as an immunotherapeutic agent in human adrenocortical cancer remains to be elucidated.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

 

      Society for Endocrinology