We have investigated the role of the NPXY motif in the insulin-like growth factor I receptor (IGF-IR) by focusing on the activation of the phosphatidylinositol-3' kinase (PI3-K) pathway and DNA synthesis following IGF-I stimulation. For this purpose, we established stable R-cell lines, which are deficient in endogenous IGF-IR, and express human IGF-IR lacking the whole NPEY(950) sequence (DeltaNPEY). The DeltaNPEY cells showed an apparent autophosphorylation of IGF-IR, albeit with reduced sensitivity to stimulation compared with cells expressing similar levels of wild-type IGF-IR. Activation of insulin receptor substrate (IRS)-1 and IRS-2 was severely impaired in DeltaNPEY cells even at high concentrations of IGF-I. However, recruitment of p85, a regulatory subunit of PI3-K, to activated IRS-2 was similar between the cell lines, but recruitment of p85 to IRS-1 was reduced in DeltaNPEY cells. Essentially similar levels of p85- or phosphotyrosine-associated PI3-K and Akt activities were observed between the cell lines, although the sensitivity to stimulation was reduced in DeltaNPEY cells. Activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase and DNA synthesis were virtually unaffected by the mutation, in terms of both sensitivity to stimulation and responsiveness. DNA synthesis was completely inhibited by the PI3-K inhibitor, LY294002. These results indicate that the IGF-IR is able to activate the PI3-K pathway and induce DNA synthesis in a normal fashion without the NPXY motif when the receptor is fully activated.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.