High concentrations of protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) were found with secretory vesicles of glucagon-producing INR1G9 cells by electron microscopic immunocytochemistry, using a polyclonal antiserum specific for the PTP1B/T-cell (TC)PTP subfamily of PTP. Since TCPTP protein and mRNA were below the detection limit in the cells but significant amounts of PTP1B and mRNA were recognised by a specific monoclonal antibody and a mRNA probe we conclude, that the PTP associated with the vesicles is PTP1B. Only reverse transcriptase (RT)-PCR with primers specific for PTP1B yielded a product of the expected nucleotide sequence. Thus, we conclude that the PTP associated with the vesicles is PTP1B. The presence of vanadate for 48 h attenuated PTP1B expression and caused reduction of steady-state levels of the phosphatase. These conditions also led to a continuing increase in the steady-state rate of glucagon release by the cells. This rate and tyrosine phosphatase levels showed an inverse relationship, suggesting a suppressive role of PTP1B on the regulated secretion of glucagon by INR1G9 cells.
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